In order for developing countries to address the issue of climate change, developed countries are required to provide significant financial assistance for low carbon and climate resilient development. This synthesis report examines the nature of climate change finance in Asia and the Pacific. It was prepared for the Asia Pacific Climate Finance and Aid Effectiveness Dialogue, held in October 2010. The report begins by discussing the existing international climate finance framework and agreed climate finance principles to-date. It then draws upon five country case studies, which include: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam.