How effective are CCTs in low income settings? A review exploring factors impacting on programme outcomes in Honduras and Nicaragua
Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes have been evaluated extensively and show by and large an increase of consumption amongst beneficiaries resulting in sometimes substantial reductions in poverty. Nonetheless important questions remain outstanding.
- household, programme and wider contextual factors shape the size and nature of programme effects
- poorer households and communities tend to experience greater relative effects on school enrolment, and a reduction of child working hours
- programme effects are greater when economic conditions are favourable
- however, CCTs also help to lessen the effect of economic shock on household consumption
- how external factors (e.g. economic shock) affect nutrition and health outcomes remains unclear
- real and perceived dimensions of programme implementation affect participants incentives to comply with conditionalities