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Document Abstract
Published: 2016

From Insult to Inclusion: Asia-Pacific report on school bullying, violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity

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This report presents a comprehensive regional review focusing specifically on the issue of bullying, violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (SOGIE). The report details the extent of the problem in Asia-Pacific, the impact of this type of abuse, and the measures governments are taking and could take to address it.

The report draws on more than 500 published and unpublished documents, peer-reviewed literature and media reports from around 40 countries in Asia-Pacific, as well as direct input from dozens of key stakeholders in the region and feedback from a regional consultation involving more than 100 people from 13 countries hosted by UNESCO and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in June of 2015.

The report finds that the majority of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) youth in Asia-Pacific say they have been subjected to some form of violence or bullying in school – in some countries as many as four out of five LGBTI learners are affected. The impact of this abuse on learners is devastating, with some country studies cited in the report showing that one in three LGBTI learners report depression, while up to seven in 10 report harming themselves and nearly five in 10 say they have attempted suicide. Recommendations are made to advance action in this area by the education sector and other partners in core areas of: policy and laws; curriculum and learning materials; teacher training and support; and support for learners.

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