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International frameworks





Disaster risk reduction (DRR) has been high on the international agenda since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004. Prompted by the devastation that followed and widespread recognition for the need to install early warning systems, 168 Governments met at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Japan in January 2005. Here the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) was agreed after extensive negotiations with states, which set out a ten-year holistic strategy for DRR. The HFA provides an international framework for DRR which outlines the need to increase awareness and understanding of DRR and the importance of knowing the risks and taking action against them. Specific recommendations included the need to create or enhance early warning systems, build DRR into education and reduce risk factors such as deforestation, unstable housing and the location of communities in risk prone areas.

Regionally, a focus on DRR has led to the establishment of associations and networks including the South Asian SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC) and the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA). Agencies such as these aim to improve communication between regional countries and advocate for DRR and disaster management.


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