Use of IK in responding to climate change
Indigenous knowledge systems, resource management practices, and adaptation strategies are all considered important tools for both mitigating and adapting to climate change. However, best practices for integrating these practices, which cut across sectors including agriculture, water, forestry, and governance, into other processes are still emerging. Two distinct dimensions of the use of IK can be mentioned here: the content of this knowledge in terms of strategies, tools, and techniques, for responding to climate change; and the processes through which this knowledge is transmitted and put into action including social learning, knowledge sharing, and collaborative management or decision-making (examples of each are included in the recommended resources below). Also important is the close link between indigenous scientific practice (the way which indigenous peoples observe, interpret, and build knowledge from their interactions with the environment) and the cultures in which it is embedded, as these are often seen as indivisible.
Image credits: Plan International | Children take part in child-centred disaster risk reduction activity supported by Plan International in Vietnam.