Low carbon development frameworks
- Impact on poverty – how far do the low cost opportunities available actually benefit poor people? If the benefit is indirect and dependent on other policies, how credible are the links? For example, power sector reform can produce big emissions reductions through improving efficiency in electricity transmission and at the same time free up public resources for pro-poor spending, for example on health services or education. However, whether these new investments are made, and the potential benefits for poor people are actually realised or not depends on political will and pro-poor government.
- Political feasibility – shifting on to a low carbon development path means change, and change almost always involves winners and losers, so an analysis of opposing interests and political dynamics is going to be relevant (for example, in fossil fuel subsidy reform). A basic issue is how political will for low carbon development can be built in the first place.
- Technical capacity and institutional feasibility – an opportunity for low carbon development may exist on paper, but can it be delivered in a particular context? What help may be needed?
- Innovation – with new technologies or practices, costs can come down over time, and what looks expensive today may be a lot more cost-effective in future. The best MAC curve analysis will take innovation into account, and point to opportunities to develop over time.
Image credit: Claudio Schwarz
- Human Development Report 2007/2008 - Fighting climate change: human solidarity in a divided world
- K. Watkins / United Nations Development Programme 2007
- The Human Development Report 2007/2008 presents an overview of the threat posed by climate change in the 21st century and the need for a concerted, immediate response by governments around the world. It paints a bleak picture of the c...
- The economics of low carbon, climate resilient patterns of growth in developing countries: a review of the evidence
- S. Pye; P. Watkiss; M. Savage / Stockholm Environment Institute 2010
- This literature review assesses the extent to which developing countries can make the transition towards low or lower patterns of growth. It explores the potential impacts of climate change on economic growth and the investment needs ...
- Low carbon growth country studies – getting started: experience from six countries
- Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme [World Bank / UNDP] 2009
- This document is a review of the low carbon growth studies conducted in six emerging economies: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico and South Africa. These countries, with the help of the Energy Sector Management Assistance Progra...