Policy arena disaster risk reduction or climate change adaptation: are we reinventing the wheel?
The report indicates that in PNG, developing climate change and DRR policies has been very much top-down, frequently initiated with limited community consultation or involvement. It further notes that from community views, terminologies such as CCA and DRR meant nothing to the PNG communities. It reports that these communities were concerned with interrelated processes such as political, social, environmental and economic factors impacting their community. The communities also identified that climate change was one factor amongst many contributing to their vulnerability to hazardous events
The paper concludes that to focus solely upon climate change through CCA rather than considering all contributory factors to community risk would be detrimental to communities concerned. There is an inherent danger of over-focusing upon a need to adapt to climate change due to its prominence in the international arena, rather than focusing on vulnerable conditions identified by communities themselves.
The report recommends that:
- there is need to embed CCA within DRR thereby ensuring all factors, including climate change are considered
- DRR needs to be embedded within wider sustainable development policy
- there is need to urgently address climate change to prevent further irreversible damage
- lessons learned from this case should be equally applied elsewhere.