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Drivers of conflict

How different drivers can contribute to and exacerbate conflict – climate change, ethnicity and natural resources – and the effect of conflict and insecurity on the delivery of essential goods and services.

Latest Documents

The rise of environmental crime: a growing threat to natural resources, peace, development and security
C. Nellemann / United Nations Environment and Development Forum 2016
The environment provides the very foundation of sustainable development, our health, food security and our economies. Ecosystems provide clean water supply, clean air and secure food and ultimately both physical and mental wellbeing. ...
India's Panda the rise and fall of Sabyasachi Panda in India's Maoist movement
J. Lea-Henry / Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, India 2016
Sabyasachi Panda is an ordinary man with a curious claim to fame. A mathematics graduate from a middling college in rural India, Panda, with his custom short haircut (combed to the side), generic reading glasses, and stock-standard mo...
The year that shook the rich: a review of natural disasters in 2011
Brookings Institution 2012
From the earthquake and tsunami in Japan to fourteen disasters causing over a billion dollars each in damage in the United States, 2011 was particularly damaging for developed countries. Reviewing 2011’s natural disasters, this r...
Mali's young 'jihadists': fuelled by faith or circumstance?
Institute for Security Studies 2016
Unemployed, idle and fanatical – this is how young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed. However, there is little empirical data to support this characterisation. Little research has been...
The East African energy frontier, a decade on
A. Hayman / South African Institute of International Affairs 2016
The East Africa region has seen some of the decade’ s largest natural gas and energy finds. However, despite their magnitude, these discoveries have yet to fulfil the promise of social and economic progress. With some sig...
Rural banditry and conflicts in Northern Nigeria
Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme 2016
Ipastoralists and farmers in Nigeria have been on the rise. This social conflict has traditionally consisted of disputes over natural resources and is often presented as a conflict between settlers and nomadic people. However, what be...
Economics, governance and instability in South Africa
J. Cilliers; C. Aucoin / Institute for Security Studies 2016
FORTY YEARS AGO a combination of frustration against local government, the enforcement of Afrikaans  language policy, trade-union activism and the politicising impact of the black consciousness movement culminated in the ...
Ethnic diversity, segregation, and ethnocentric trust in Africa
A. L. Robinson / Afrobarometer 2016
Ethnic diversity is generally associated with less social capital and lower levels of trust. However, most empirical evidence for this relationship is focused on generalized trust, rather than more theoretically ap ...
A stitch in time: preventive diplomacy and the Lake Malawi dispute
A. Lalbahadur / South African Institute of International Affairs 2016
A low-intensity dispute between Malawi and Tanzania threatens regional peace as the two countries contest the demarcation of their national boundaries at Lake Malawi. This long-standing dispute became more urgent when in 2011 ...
Making a killing: a 2011 survey of ivory markets in China
G.G. Gabriel; N. Hua; J. Wang / International Fund for Animal Welfare 2016
An unprecedented surge in ivory seizures occurred in 2011. Media reported that 5,259 elephant tusks were seized worldwide in that year alone, representing the lives of at least 2,629 elephants. In spite of the government’...
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