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Mali's young 'jihadists': fuelled by faith or circumstance?
Institute for Security Studies 2016
Unemployed, idle and fanatical – this is how young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed. However, there is little empirical data to support this characterisation. Little research has been...
Ethnic diversity, segregation, and ethnocentric trust in Africa
A. L. Robinson / Afrobarometer 2016
Ethnic diversity is generally associated with less social capital and lower levels of trust. However, most empirical evidence for this relationship is focused on generalized trust, rather than more theoretically ap ...
Conflict analysis of Muslim Mindanao
A.L. Strachan / Governance and Social Development Resource Centre 2015
The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), situated within the Philippines and initially founded in 1989, consists of five provinces – Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. Conflict between Moro groups s...
Understanding the Casamance conflict: A background
A Fall / Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre 2010
For the first decade of independence, West Africa became the theater of numerous armed conflicts. Whether it was bloody coups d’état, rebellions or violent separatist projects, no single West African country has escaped a...
The response of the Kano state government to violent conflict since 2009: Lessons learned and policy implications
Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme 2014
Kano State, created in 1967, is the most populous state in Nigeria, with 9.4 million inhabitants, as recorded in the 2006 census. Its capital, Kano City, is an ancient commercial and religious hub, and the commercial, industrial and p...
Responses of plateau state government to violent conflicts in the state
Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme 2014
Plateau State, in Nigeria’s North Central zone, has a population of some 3.5 million people and is an important mining and commercial centre. It has long been considered a melting pot because of its position between the north an...
The teaching of Pashto: identity versus employment
T Rahman / Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan 1999
Pashto was associated with Pashtun identity in British times, this was seen as an anti-British and antinon-Muslim tendency. It was anti-British because the British official policy was to favour the teaching of Urdu. It was anti non-Mu...
Anatomy of ethnic militancy: case of Karachi, Pakistan
K Bengali; M Sadaqat / Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan 2002
The crux of the problem is that the Pakistan is facing a constitutional crisis. The 1973 Constitution was framed in the aftermath of the rupture of Islamabad-Dacca relations and the secession of East Pakistan. The constitution paid co...
The language of employment: the case of Pakistan
T Rahman / Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan 1999
One cannot find employment in a modern state without being able to read, write and speak (in that order) a certain, standardised, written language. In short, to be part of the salariat in Pakistan one must know a certain language the ...
The teaching of Sindhi and Sindhi ethnicity
T Rahman / Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan 1999
Sindhi is one of the most ancient languages of India. The government, therefore, gets a number of books, including Aesop’s Fables, translated from different languages into Sindhi. Among these are books on arithmetic, geography, ...
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