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Mali's young 'jihadists': fuelled by faith or circumstance?
Institute for Security Studies 2016
Unemployed, idle and fanatical – this is how young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed. However, there is little empirical data to support this characterisation. Little research has been...
Climate security and justice for Small Island Developing States: an agenda for action
The Hague Institute for Global Justice 2014
Small island developing states (SIDS) are a unique group of countries that bear a disproportionate share of the impacts of climate change despite their minimal contribution to its causes. Their vulnerability and lack of resources to a...
Women, peace and security: implementing the Maputo Protocol in Africa
R. Sigsworth; L. Kumalo / Institute for Security Studies 2016
Women’s rights are fundamental to human security and sustainable peace. the African Union’s Protocol to the African charter on human and Peoples’ rights on the rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) guarant...
Maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea: establishing law, generating order
L. Otto / South African Institute of International Affairs 2016
Maritime security has become a buzzword in recent years as criminal activities at sea threaten a wide range of geostrategic, security and economic imperatives. In few other places in the world is this problem more pointed than...
At the heart of discontent: measuring public violence in South Africa
L. Lancaster / Institute for Security Studies 2016
civil protests and strike action have become increasingly commonplace in South Africa. Although several institutions collect data on various forms of protest, the available information varies in quality, reliability, coverage and acce...
Violent extremism in Africa: public opinion from the Sahel, Lake Chad, and the Horn
Afrobarometer 2016
Over the past two decades, the threat posed by violent extremist groups that espouse fundamentalist religious narratives has grown substantially across Africa (Hallowanger, 2014). The colonial era and the undemocratic rule tha...
UNAMID police and the protection of civilians in Darfur
F.K. Aubyn / Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre 2016
This Policy Brief reflects on the Protection of Civilian (PoC) strategies of UNAMID Police and some of the challenges hindering their effective implementation in Darfur. It argues that for PoC to be successful, UNAMID Police s...
Conflict analysis of Muslim Mindanao
A.L. Strachan / Governance and Social Development Resource Centre 2015
The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), situated within the Philippines and initially founded in 1989, consists of five provinces – Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. Conflict between Moro groups s...
Reclaiming protection of civilians under international humanitarian law: reflections from the Oslo global conference
O.V. Davies / African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes 2015
Over the past sixty years, international humanitarian law (IHL) has established a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts. There is broad consensus that these guidelines afford non-combat...
Conflict briefing notes: conflict briefing No.31, December 2015
Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme 2015
Some cases of attacks by the suspected militants of Jamaatu Ahlis-Sunna Liddaawati W al Jihad (JAS) were reported in communities in Yobe and Borno states in December 2015. However, the Federal Government announced that the military ha...
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