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Key Issues

Gender and social protection
Woman holding banknotes
P. Lissac / Panos Pictures

Social protection programmes are increasingly widespread across middle and low income countries to address extreme poverty and curb inequality. The growing interest in this area of social policy is an opportunity to explore how social protection programmes can act as catalysts for women’s economic empowerment by addressing the particular vulnerabilities women face.

Gender and indicators
Cocoa farmer
K. Robinson / Panos Pictures
For the last 15 years, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have taken centre stage on the international development agenda. The use of these specific goals and targets have both galvanised global efforts, and led to criticism regarding unintended consequences, including the neglect of issues not included in the MDGs. As 2015 signals the end of the MDG era and the creation of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this Key Issues Guide provides an overview of conceptual and methodological approaches to gender and measurements of change.
Unpaid care
Elderly man with grandchild
C. Stowers / Panos Pictures
Providing care can be both a source of fulfilment and enjoyment, as well as a burden on precious time and resources. For women and girls in particular, their socially prescribed role as carers can undermine their rights and limit their opportunities, capabilities and choices. Their unpaid care work is often undervalued by society and policy makers and this lack of recognition, alongside the work’s intensity undermines dignity, obstructs access to basic human rights on an equal basis with men, and undermines progress towards gender equality.
Transgendered people demonstrating condom use
P. Benatar / Panos Pictures
Heteronormativity - the assumption that heterosexuality is the norm and any other form of sexual desire, expression or relationship is abnormal or wrong - has many potential implications for international development. This new Guide explores research, policy and practice which has offered an analysis of the impact of heteronormativity on issues such as economic justice, human rights and health.
Gender and climate change
Agricultural worker
P. Cenini / Panos Pictures
Climate change is increasingly being recognised as a global crisis, but responses to it have so far been overly focused on scientific and economic solutions, rather than on the significant human and gender dimensions. As weather patterns become increasingly unpredictable and extreme events such as floods, heat waves or natural disasters become more common, the poorest women and men in the global South – who have contributed the least to the problem – find their livelihoods most threatened yet have the weakest voice and least influence on climate policy. How then do we move towards more people-centred, gender-aware climate change policies and processes?