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Migration and Marginalisation

What factors shape a person’s decision to migrate? Who stays behind in a war zone or highly insecure context, and why? A person’s gender, age, religion, race, ethnicity, sexuality, health or disability shape every stage of the migration experience. The Institute of Development Studies has recently published two resources around the theme of migration and marginalisation which focus on gender, ageing and sexuality as key influencing factors.

Gender, Age and Migration: An extended briefing’, is a 72 page overview and briefing report written by Jenny Birchall, BRIDGE. It focuses on gender and age, offering an insight into who migrates and who doesn’t, reasons for migrating, experiences of the migration process and what life is like for different groups of migrants and refugees when, and if, they reach their destinations. It concludes with a set of recommendations for more gender and age sensitive policy making.

Migration, Mobility and Marginalisation: Consequences for Sexual and Gender Minorities’, is an IDS Policy Brief written by Stephen Wood, Gender and Sexuality Research Cluster. This four page brief looks at why sexual and gender non-conforming people often turn to migration as a route to achieve independence and build social capital, and as a means to avoid discrimination, violence and economic marginalisation. However while migration can provide liberation from some experiences of marginalisation, for many it leads to a precarious existence.

The author asserts that policymakers and aid programming must recognise and address marginalisation of these groups as part of overall strategies to reduce risks of migration. The briefing provides a set of recommendations to help ensure these groups are not ‘left behind’.

Below are links through to other recent key readings on migration and marginalisation.

Hersh, M. and Obser, K. (2016) Falling Through the Cracks: Refugee Women and Girls in Germany and Sweden, Women’s Refugee Commission

UNHCR (2013) Global Analysis 2012-2013: UNHCR Accountability Frameworks for Age, Gender and Diversity Mainstreaming and Targeted Actions, United Nations Refugee Agency

UN Women (2013) Review of Laws, Policies and Regulations Governing Labour Migration in Asian and Arab States. A gender and rights based perspective, UN Women

WRC (2016) No safety for refugee women on the European route: report from the Balkans, Women’s Refugee Commission

WRC, et al (2014) Sharing and Learning on the Inclusion of Ageing and Disability in the Syrian Crisis, WRC, UNHCR, Handicap International, HelpAge International