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Women, peace and security – annual review of resolution 1325

The UN reaffirmed the importance of women’s empowerment for global peace and security at this year’s annual review of resolution 1325, on October 28. The Report of the Secretary-General on women and peace and security highlights that there have been some significant achievements in 2013 including: 

Ms. Mlambo-Ngcuka, executive director of UN Women, emphasised that there have been significant advancements in recognising the importance of the issue as there are now over 80 countries committed to the women, peace and security agenda. Also the percentage of peace agreements committing to advancing the security and status of women and girls has more than doubled since 2011 (UN news centre 2014).

However, Ms. Mlambo-Ngcuka highlighted that although women’s participation in peace negotiations has improved, almost half of peace agreements don’t mention women’s rights and needs, and 97 percent of peacekeepers remain to be men (UN Security Council 2014). Generally the implementation of resolution 1325 remains to be difficult in the context of armed conflict. She expressed concern for how current and long-term conflicts, such as in Iraq, Nigeria, Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia and Mali, are affecting women: women and girls are exposed to targeted attacks and human rights abuses; and they constitute a high percentage of displaced people worldwide, which is now higher than at any time since the Second World War. In addition, ‘During and after conflict, more women die during childbirth, and more girls are forcibly married. Fewer women work and participate in the economy and [fewer] girls go to school. Of primary school age children that are out of school, half live in conflict areas. Only 35 percent of girls are enrolled in secondary education in these settings […]’ (UN news centre 2014).

To ensure progress in the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000), a high-level review will take place next year and the Security Council emphasised the need to define a significant implementation shift for the resolution, for it to be effective. The Secretary-General was requested to ensure gender expertise is accessible to all UN mediation teams, supporting the appointment of women as senior mediators (UN Security Council 2013). Member States are encouraged to start reviewing the implementation of their national action plans and to engage in a critical reflection of new targets for the 2015 review (UN Security Council 2014).

Women in peace and security through United Nations Security Resolution 1325: literature review, content analysis of National Action Plans, and implementation
B. Miller; M. Pournik; A. Swaine / Institute for Global and International Studies 2014
The complex challenges and opportunities of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda, as enunciated in United National Security Council Resolution 1325 of 2000, and several subsequent resolutions, lend themselves to both a “cup half...
Complex realities and astute actors: Sudanese women’s activism and UN Security Council Resolution 1325
L. Tønnessen / Norwegian Peacebuilding Centre 2014
Sudanese women activists do not use United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 to claim rights. During my eight years of engagement with women’s activist from diverse backgrounds in the country I have hardly heard the ...
Gender and Militarism
Women Peacemakers Program 2014
This Policy Brief is based on discussions held during the Global Consultation “Gender & Militarism: Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace”, organized by the Women Peacemakers Program (WPP) from July 2- 4, 2014, i...
Ten-year Impact Study on Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on Women, Peace and Security in Peacekeeping
2010
This report from 2010 reviews a decade of implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, the first resolution to address the specific impacts of conflict on women and call for women's engagement in peace processes....
Global Monitoring Checklist on Women Peace and Security: Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nepal, Northern Ireland and Sri Lanka.
2009
The Global Monitoring Checklist is a pilot research project designed to contribute towards international understanding on women, peace and security efforts. It highlights relevant activities at the local and national level by women, c...
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C. Kuonqui; H. Cueva-Betet / UN Women 2010
This short document provides an overview of the framework which was developed to track the implementation of the 1325 resolution. It aims to establish results at the impact levels (the intended objective) and outcome levels (actual ch...