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Transmission, prevention and testing

Latest Documents

Using provider performance incentives to increase HIV testing and counseling services in Rwanda
Damien de Walque / World Bank Publications 2013
Paying for performance provides financial rewards to medical care providers for improvements in performance measured by specific utilisation and quality of care indicators. In 2006, Rwanda began a paying for performance scheme to impr...
Engaging local media in VMMC scale-up: a case study from Kenya
Kenya National AIDS and STI Control Programme 2015
This case study discusses how media can play a positive role in promoting voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as part of HIV prevention efforts, or can fuel fears and discourage VMMC through sensationalist, inaccurate, or negat...
Findings from the SASA! Study: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial To Assess the Impact of a Community Mobilization Intervention To Prevent Violence Against Women and Reduce HIV risk in Kampala, Uganda
BMC Medicine 2016
The need for HIV prevention efforts to more explicitly incorporate program elements to address gender inequality and violence has been repeatedly articulated, and the elimination of sexual and gender-based violence has been identified...
A Kenyan newspaper analysis of the limitations of voluntary medical male circumcision and the importance of sustained condom use
BMC Public Health 2015
This analysis of Kenyan media treatment of condom use has the objectives of: (1) investigating promotion messages in a popular online newspaper to determine how the limitations of male circumcision are represented, and whether condom ...
Shuga: engaging Tanzanian young people in HIV prevention through edutainment radio
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 2014
The Shuga radio serial drama is an evidence-based and participatory behaviour change communication edutainment drama designed to increase demand for HIV testing and counselling (HTC) and condom use among sexually active youth aged 15-...
CoupleConnect: a gender-transformative approach to HIV prevention for Tanzanian couples
H. Connor / EngenderHealth 2016
Couple connectedness is defined as the quality of the emotional bond between partners that is both mutual and sustained over time. For couple connectedness to exist, it must be experienced by both partners in the relationship who are ...
Social protection programmes contribute to HIV prevention
UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre 2015
This brief describes the pathways through which social protection contributes to HIV prevention, particularly in addressing the social, economic and structural drivers of HIV in adolescents. Drawing on evidence from various studies of...
Cash transfers for HIV prevention: considering their potential
L. Heise; B. Lutz; M. Ranganathan; C. Watts / Journal of the International AIDS Society 2013
Cash transfers programmes are increasingly being recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and achieve other social goals, such as improved health and education. Evidence from Malawi and Tanzania suggests that cash transfers ca...
The SASA! study: a cluster randomised trial to assess the impact of a violence and HIV prevention programme in Kampala, Uganda
International Initiative for Impact Evaluation 2014
SASA! is a community mobilisation intervention that seeks to prevent violence against women and reduce HIV-risk behaviours. The SASA! study was conducted between 2008 and 2012 in two administrative divisions of Kampala (Makindye and R...
Towards microbicide rollout in sub-Saharan Africa: ensuring microbicides are an effective tool for HIV prevention and women’s empowerment
R. Kunda; A. Gibbs 2010
This paper highlights how microbicides offer an opportunity to integrate HIV prevention and women’s empowerment.  Research from microbicide clinical trials have shown three key ways in which microbicides may contribu...

A scientific diagram of the circulatory system, painted on a wall in Dubangat Momicha government-run secondary school, in Ethiopia. The mural indicates the main arteries and veins of the heart.

© 2004 Crispin Hughes, Panos Pictures