Integrated Urban Development Framework and Implementation Plan
In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas surpassed the number living in rural areas, announcing the 21st century as the urban century. The worlds attention is on the pivotal role of cities and identifying alternative pathways for urban development that address poverty reduction and sustainable development. South Africa is firmly in this debate: by 2030, almost three-quarters (71.3%) of the countrys population will be living in urban areas.
The Integrated Urban Development Framework (IUDF) is governments policy position to guide the future growth and management of urban areas. In the economic history of humanity, urbanisation has always been an accelerator of growth and development, bringing about enormous changes in the spatial distribution of people and resources, and in the use and consumption of land. Supporting policies and frameworks are therefore needed that can leverage the urbanisation process for increased development gains and sustainability.
The IUDFs overall outcome spatial transformation marks a New Deal for South African cities and towns, by steering urban growth towards a sustainable growth model of compact, connected and coordinated cities and towns. Informed by this outcome and the NDPs vision for urban South Africa, the IUDF aims to guide the development of inclusive, resilient and liveable urban settlements, while directly addressing the unique conditions and challenges facing South Africas cities and towns. Importantly, this vision for South Africas urban areas recognises that the country has different types of cities and towns, each with different roles and requirements. As such, the vision has to be interpreted and pursued in differentiated and locally relevant ways. To achieve this transformative vision, four overall strategic goals are introduced:
- spatial integration: To forge new spatial forms in settlement, transport, social and economic areas
- inclusion and access: To ensure people have access to social and economic services, opportunities and choices
- growth: To harness urban dynamism for inclusive, sustainable economic growth and development
- governance: To enhance the capacity of the state and its citizens to work together to achieve spatial and social integration