Global initiatives and Public Private Partnerships
The major communicable diseases of poverty, especially AIDS, TB and malaria, cause over six million deaths annually, with devastating social and economic impacts. Historically, efforts to tackle the major diseases affecting developing countries have been poorly co-ordinated and financed, resulting in fragmented programmes at country level. Anti-microbial resistance is increasing, while research and development into new drugs has remained inadequate. The eradication of these diseases can be defined as a global public good – where prevention and control activities have substantial cross border benefits.
During the last decade, the global community has recognised the causal links between illhealth, poverty and weak economic growth. The effects of globalisation - growing international migration and economic interdependence - mean that the major diseases of poverty are becoming global priorities. In response, new global initiatives, involving new public and private sector partners, have been set up to provide strong international co-ordination and to mobilise additional finance and skills.
OECD governments and international bodies such as the World Bank have stepped up investments in these areas. New private sector allies have entered the field – especially the philanthropic foundations and pharmaceutical companies. They are forming new international public-private sector partnerships to undertake a wide range of activities, such as research and development of health products, distributing donated or subsidised products, strengthening health service delivery and access to drugs, educating the public, and financing and co-ordinating disease control with national partners.
Below we've selected some of the key areas within this topic and have highlighted a number of recommended readings for each. The accompanying search links take you to more key documents in each area.
- Reducing HIV response funding in difficult economic times is counterproductive
- M. Podmore; G. Mburu; B.J. Nieuwenhuys / International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2012
- In November 2011, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) announced that its next scheduled funding round was cancelled. This report draws on recently collected field data from numerous countries wher...
- Trends in private sector financing, management and resource consumption related to HIV/AIDS: sub-Saharan Africa
- S. Sulzbach; S. De; W. Wang / Oxford Journals, 2011
- A relatively unexamined aspect of the global HIV response is the role of the private sector in financing HIV/AIDS services. This paper examines trends in private sector financing, management and resource consumption related to HIV/AID...
- Obligations and responsabilities with respect to the right to water
- UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2010
- Safe drinking water and sanitation are indispensable to sustain life and health. This publication explains “The Right to Water” (RTW), issued by the WHO and three other international organisations in 2003, and elaborates u...
- The role of CSOs in global health governance
- K. Lee / Journal of Global Health Governance, 2010
- Amid discussion of how global health governance (GHG) should and could be strengthened, the potential role of civil society organisations (CSOs) has been frequently raised. This paper considers the role of CSOs in four health governan...
- Global health governance is essential
- L.O. Gostin; M. Heywood; G. Ooms / Scientific Electronic Library Online Brazil, 2010
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) perceives health to be “a shared responsibility”, but global health actors often act out of self-interest rather than adopting harmonised approaches. This article notes that the joint le...
- The private sector's innovative health service delivery models
- Health Research Policy and Systems, 2010
- This review describes a study carried out to characterise innovative health service delivery models and identify areas of innovation that have led to effective provision of care for the poor. A subset of private health orga...
- The role of the private sector in the HIV and AIDS response
- Wenjuan Wang; Sara Sulzbach; Susna De / Social Science and Medicine, 2011
- Increasing the participation of the private health sector in the AIDS response could help to achieve universal access to comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. This realisation notwithstanding, little is known abou...
- How to maximise the potential of the private sector to improve child health outcomes
- Henrik Axelson; April Harding; Flavia Bustreo / The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, 2010
- This paper, published by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, is a draft for discussion on the role of the private sector in the delivery of health services and products in low- and middle-income countries, specific...
- Engaging with all care providers in TB care and control: a guide for national tuberculosis control programmes
- World Health Organization, 2010
- In order to meet the global TB control targets, the Stop TB Strategy of the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends systematic engagement of all care providers in TB care and control through public-private mix (PPM) approaches. Thi...
- The role of civil society organisations in biomedical research
- Anant Bhan; Jerome A. Singh; Ross E. G. Upshur / Public Library of Science Medicine, 2007
- While several publications have addressed the role of civil society organisations (CSOs) in social science research in health, their role in biomedical research has not been widely discussed. This paper, published by Public Library of...