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HIV and Aids

Adolescents with HIV in Asia Pacific
Medical record of an HIV positive patient
C. de Bode / Panos Pictures
Adolescents living with HIV are now dealing with the complex consequences of life-long HIV and ART. This report documents the experiences of adolescents living with HIV as they disclose their HIV status, deal with life-long ART, move from pediatric to adult health care services, navigate sexuality and relationships and build their independent lives.

Latest Documents

Poor nutrition status and associated feeding practices among HIV-positive children in a food secure region in Tanzania: a call for tailored nutrition training
B.F. Sunguya / PLoS ONE, 2014
Undernutrition among HIV-positive children can be ameliorated if they are given adequate foods in the right frequency and diversity. Food insecurity is known to undermine such efforts, but even in food rich areas, people have undernut...
HIV and human rights: good practice guide
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2014
This Good Practice Guide is an accessible and user-friendly guide to explain: what human rights-based HIV programming is why it is important the different ways that organisations can integrate human ri...
Mainstreaming social inclusion into programmes promoting agricultural productivity and access to markets among the rural poor
S. Turrall / Evidence on Demand, 2013
This study is a rapid assessment of the evidence regarding effective approaches to promoting agricultural productivity and improving access to markets, across different social groups of the rural poor, with a particular focus on those at ri...
How social issues affect market engagement and livelihoods strategies - among the rural poor in Zimbabwe
T Ayliffe / Evidence on Demand, 2013
The purpose of this rapid desk-based study is to inform the development of detailed design work for two components of the new Livelihoods and Food Security Programme being supported by UK's Depetment for Intrnational Development (DFID...
2013 Pipeline Report
P. Clayden; S. Collins; C. Daniels / Treatment Action Group, 2013
This report focuses on HIV, Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), and Tuberculosis (TB) drugs, diagnostics, vaccines, preventive technologies, research toward a cure, and immune-based and gene therapies in development. A good pipeline would...
Transitions to adulthood in a high fertility context: the case of Sub-Saharan Africa
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2013
This paper describes the challenges and opportunities of transitions to adulthood in high fertility settings, focusing on the case of sub-Saharan Africa, which has the most youthful population in the world. Current challenges in the r...
Understanding and preventing potential social harms and abuses of oral HIV self-testing in Kenya
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2013
HIV/AIDS remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV disproportionately affects women and youth aged 15-24 years. The majority of those living with HIV/AIDS (69%) as well as the largest proportion of ...
HIV/AIDS among youth in urban informal (slum) settlements in Kenya: what are the correlates of and motivations for HIV testing?
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011
Although HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is widely considered an integral component of HIV prevention and treatment strategies, few studies have examined HCT behavior among youth in sub-Saharan Africa - a group at substantial risk fo...
This week we turn our attention to The Igarapé Institute, Brazil, for our Spotlight series. The series profiles research organisations based in developing countries. The Igarapé Institute was formed in 2011 to raise the level of debate and action on issues of security and development in Brazil, across the Americas and in the South. The name, Igarapé, is a local indigenous word for "small river". The Institute sees its role as a channel linking global decision makers with local actors and a broker bringing Brazilian thinkers and international players together. The Igarapé Institute focuses on three key themes: global drug policy, citizen security and international cooperation. These issues are regarded as of paramount importance when thinking about Brazil (and Latin Americas) most pressing challenges, and according to Robert Muggah, Research Director at the Institute, they are also inextricably linked – Brazil is the world´s second largest consumer of cocaine and one of the major transhipment countries; it also has the largest number of homicides each year, most of them perpetrated in low-income areas. A key aim of the Institute is to reshape debate and action on drug policy – it is also the Secretariat for the Global Commission on Drug Policy – citizen security and international cooperation. It seeks to do this by encouraging governments, business and civil society groups to adopt policies and programmes that promote safety and security through preventive means. The Institute has also emerged as a noted developer of data visualization tools and uses ICTs to track violence, arms, money laundering and other criminal activities. Applications include:• The mapping arms data (MAD) data visualization features global data on all authorized exports and imports of small arms, light weapons and ammunition between 1992 and 2011 • Mapping citizen security across more than 40 countries and territories of Latin America and the Caribbean• The Child Security Index (CSI) maps the psychological and emotional impact of child and juvenile abuse within low-income environments in Brazil• The Smart Policing initiative is designed to improve police accountability and improve public safety in low- and middle-income settings of Brazil, Kenya and South AfricaNew technologies are an important part of their work and a stated aim is to empower its network of partners in the Americas and Africa to leverage such developments to enhance their work. The Institute has also been key in establishing several networks - including Pense Livre (Think Free), the Citizen Security Dialogues, and others - which bring together experts working on relevant issues. The Igarapé Institute is working on a number of trends that are defining issues for the Americas and across the South. These include managing urbanization and urban violence, addressing UN Security Council Reform, the role of security, justice and governance in the post-2015 development agenda, the promotion of digital sovereignty and challenges of digital protest, and the role of new technologies in promoting safety and security. In the immediate future their focus will be on the UN General Assembly debates in September on drug policy reform (where the Institute will support the launch of a major new report by the Global Commission on Drug Policy). Other initiatives include inputs across Latin America and to the Open Ended Working Group on the post-2015 development agenda, including the content of the future Sustainable Development Goals. For more information on the Igarapé Institute see its Annual Report 2013.
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010
This study explores HIV/AIDS communication strategies among church leaders at predominately African American churches in a metropolitan city and surrounding areas in North Carolina. The church leaders contacted for the study are membe...
The correlates of HIV testing and impacts on sexual behavior: evidence from a life history study of young people in Kisumu, Kenya - The-correlates-of-HIV-testing-and-impacts-on-sexual-behavior_evidence-from-a-life-history-study-of-young-people-in-Kisumu-Kenya.pdf
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010
HIV counseling and testing is considered an important component of HIV preven tion and treatment.This paper examines the characteristics of young males and females at the time of first reported HIV test, including the influence...
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A scientific diagram of the circulatory system, painted on a wall in Dubangat Momicha government-run secondary school, in Ethiopia. The mural indicates the main arteries and veins of the heart.

© 2004 Crispin Hughes, Panos Pictures