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Items 1561 to 1570 of 1669

Has Shell moved beyond social responsibility rhetoric into action?
K. Tangen / Fridtjof Nansen Institute 2003
This report looks at Shell’s agenda since 1995, with respect to its social responsibility. Shell’s new social strategy was to a large extent initiated by the events in 1995 (Saro-Wiwa and Brent Spar incidents), and th...
Impacts of HIV/AIDS on agriculture in Namibia, Uganda and Zambia
N. Mesko; E. Wiegers; V. Hermanrud / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2003
How can countries support increasing numbers of vulnerable households? What can be done to reverse the trend towards increasing destitution? This report looks at 3 case studies (in northern Namibia, southern Zambia and around Lake Vic...
Donor strategies in microfinance
Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation - NORAD 2003
This NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation) position paper discusses the role of microfinance in poverty reduction and in Norwegian development cooperation, and outlines the future principles and focus of NORAD's involve...
Study on the benefits of bioprospecting
S.S. Dhillion / Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo, Norway 2002
This article discusses the issues surrounding bioprospecting, paying particular attention to its on conservation and development, through examining bioprospecting case studies in Tanzania, Norway, and Costa Rica. It provides backgroun...
Potential impacts of a large scale dam on the Zambezi, Mozambique
C. Hillmann; L.F. Trædal / Association for International Water and Forest Studies, Norway 2003
This report examines the potential social and environmental consequences of the proposed Mepanda Unkua Project, a large scale dam planned on the Zambezi River in the Province of Tete in Mozambique. The paper also looks at the c...
Norway's role in the security sector in developing countries
E.N. Tjønneland / Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway 2003
This report looks at the role of security sector reform in Norwegian assistance to peace building in developing countries. It reviews the evolution of thinking around external assistance to security sector reform; discusses the polici...
Microfinance institutions: an overview with a focus on MDGs and HIV/AIDS
P.N. Bondevik / Norwegian Church Aid 2003
This paper gives a basic overview and understanding of the microfinance (MF) sector. It aims to provide information and tools on microfinance in dealing with the variety of settings where it is, or could be, present. It also focuses o...
Increasing protection of internally displaces persons, Afghanistan
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre 2003
This paper summarises the discussions raised at the workshop on the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement in Kabul, organised by the the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U...
Factors affecting the efficiency of spice based agroforestry, Sri Lanka
L. Lindara; F. Johnsen; H. Gunatilake / Noragric, Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences 2004
This paper looks at factors affecting the efficiency of the spice based agroforestry sector. The technical efficiency of spice based agroforestry systems was estimated in order to identify the potential increase in production without ...
Have the policies formulated at the Bonn Agreement been successful in Afghanistan?
A. Suhrke; K. Berg Harpviken; A. Strand / Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway 2004
This study assesses developments in Afghanistan since 2002. It focuses on examining developments in relation to the policy framework, looking at the Bonn Agreement 2001, which formulated principles of political development and a preci...
Items 1561 to 1570 of 1669

Items 1561 to 1570 of 1571

A new discourse within poverty analysis and research?
E. Øyen / Comparative Research Programme on Poverty 2002
This paper makes a case for a new discourse within the overall context of poverty research. The author argues that: the discourse on poverty production and the effects of different kinds of poverty production is researc...
Urban governance in Zimbabwe
A.Y. Kamete / Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway 2002
The paper examines urban governance in the framework of sustainable urban development, and agrees with most analyses that sustainable settlements embrace social, ecological and economic dimensions. The discussion stresses that a form ...
How the rehabilitation of agriculture can contribute to the reduction of conflict
I. de Soysa; N. P. Gleditsch / Future Harvest 1999
In the post-Cold War world, despite grand visions of a "New World Order,"armed conflict follows a different pattern. This paper posits that: there is a strong link between agricultural dependence and new types of...
Why "Development Studies" is a political practice
C. Bergstrøm; E. Molteberg / Noragric, Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences 2000
This article discusses the political nature of Development Studies. The article examines relationships between individuals and groups of scientists,professionals and local people. The article emphasises that although the implications ...
Challenging power and communication in Development Studies
E. Molteberg; C. Bergstrøm / Noragric, Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences 2000
This is the first of two papers that discuss challenges of power and communication in Development Studies. The article finds that: Development Studies is seen as an arena for scientific discourse,where representa...
Nature, Society and Water , CDS
Centre for Development Studies, University of Bergen 1999
Intrdisciplinarary studies programme with emphasis on the role of fresh water in developing countries. Site under construction, to include Norwegian Water Research Network database
Aid coordination and aid effectiveness
A. Disch / Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway 1999
Both donors and aid recipients are spending considerable resources on aid coordination activities. The trend seems to be towards an increase in these levels, yet relatively little is known about the outcomes and impact of these effort...
Conditionality in aid
H. Selbervik / Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway 1999
Study gives a presentation of the role of Norway – from a conditionality perspective – in the aid negotiation processes between Norway and Tanzania in order to investigate the role of Norway, and in more general terms what h...
Policies and strategies for poverty reduction in Norwegian development aid: a review
A. Ofstad; E.N. Tjønneland / Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway 1999
Paper provides an overview of Norwegian policiesand strategies for poverty reduction. It assesses Norway’s development aid policy in light of the renewed international donor emphasis on poverty and the ambition of assisting in re...
A synthesis of experience within the arena of dryland management: exploring best practices
R. Oygard; T. Vedeld; J. Aune / Dryland Program, World Bank 1999
The objectives of this study are to analyze and synthesize the experience of the World Bank and other agencies in dryland management, with special emphasis on Africa. Recommendations are provided on "good policies and practices...
Items 1561 to 1570 of 1571

Items 1561 to 217 of 217

Why are teachers leaving the education profession in South Africa?
K. Peltzer; O. Shisana; E. Udjo; D. Wilson; T. Rehle / Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa 2005
This study explores the phenomena of education decline and the reasons why educators may be leaving the profession in South Africa. The report integrates the findings of seven reports presented to Education Labour Relations Council (E...
Exploring policy to link rural education and development in Africa
A. Shibeshi / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2006
This document reports on the presentations and recommendations of a regional seminar to consider education for rural people in Africa. In recognition of the cross-cutting impacts of education, health, and economic and social developme...
Why do teachers in Rwanda feel undervalued?
R. Thomas; R. Mbabazi / Voluntary Service Overseas 2004
Teachers’ low levels of motivation can be a major obstacle to providing quality education. Research presented in this report shows that, in Rwanda, many teachers feel neglected, ignored and even scorned by authorities and societ...
How to help teachers improve HIV/AIDS education
T.A. James-Traore; W. Finger; C.D. Ruland; S. Savariaud / YouthNet, Family Health International 2004
For teaching information and skills related to HIV/AIDS, teacher training is essential, and complex. In sub-Saharan Africa, up to half of all new HIV infections are occurring among youth under age 25. Since most youth attend school at...
A community approach to environmental education
R.P. Grieser / US Agency for International Development 1999
Teachers’ low levels of motivation can be a major obstacle to providing quality education. Research presented in this report shows that, in Rwanda, many teachers feel neglected, ignored and even scorned by authorities and societ...
The need to improve teaching quality and better understand learners' needs
A. Barrett; S. Ali; J. Clegg / Education Quality 2007
This paper reviews recent literature relating to the quality of teaching and learning processes within schools in low income countries illustrated with analyses of specific initiatives to improve the existing quality. The paper focuse...
Reducing violence against Ethiopian school girls
United Nations Girls' Education Initiative 2008
With a focus on Ethiopia, this paper identifies and analyses the types, prevalence, major causes and effects of violence against girls in schools. It also aims to assess the availability and effectiveness of policies, rules and regula...
Using the Gender Equality Framework to address gender inequality in education
United Nations Girls' Education Initiative 2008
Over the years, education has focused on access and parity — that is, closing the enrollment gap between girls and boys — while insufficient attention has been paid to retention and achievement or the quality and relevance...
Maximising education in emergencies
M. Sinclair / International Institute for Educational Planning, UNESCO 2004
This report is the outcome of a four week internet discussion on planning education before, in and after emergencies. Contributions were made from a variety of participant, including government officials, NGO field staff and academic ...
Conceptualising inclusive education
T. Booth / Education Sector, UNESCO 2003
This paper seeks to map out inclusive approaches in education as a strategy to achieve the goal of education for all (EFA). It aims to construct a coherent conceptual and contextual policy framework in order to provide access and qual...
Items 1561 to 217 of 217