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Dryland management

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Afar Resilience Study
J. Helland / Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway 2015
This paper has been prepared in conjunction with a project for resilience building in Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia under the auspices of the Afar Region Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Food Security Coordination Office...
Spatial distribution of temporal dynamics in anthropogenic fires in miombo savanna woodlands of Tanzania
B. Tarimo 2015
Background: Anthropogenic uses of fire play a key role in regulating fire regimes in African savannas. These fires contribute the highest proportion of the globally burned area, substantial biomass burning emissions and threaten maint...
The social uses of livestock among pastoralists in Sudan: food systems, stores of value, wealth, power, and authority
A.G.M. Ahmed / Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway 2014
The impact of livestock on the economy of Sudan and its social uses within the pastoral sector are of great importance in the future development of the country. The role of livestock is that of a food system and store of value, wealth...
Food securities and social conflict
J. Helland; G. M. Sørbø / Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway 2014
Following rising food prices violent ‘food riots’ took place in about 40 countries around the globe in 2007-2008. And at the end of 2010 and the start of 2011, as protests erupted first in Tunisia and then in Algeria, Bahr...
Assessing drought displacement risk for Kenyan, Ethiopian and Somali pastoralists
J. Ginnetti; T. Franck / Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre 2014
This study represents an initial attempt to assess patterns of displacement related to droughts in selected countries of the Horn of Africa, specifically the border regions of Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. The analysis is based ...
Impact of land certification on sustainable land resource management in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia
E. Adgo / Drylands Coordination Group, Norway 2014
In Ethiopia, 85% of the population is directly supported by the agricultural economy.  However, the productivity of that economy is being seriously eroded by unsustainable land management practices both in areas of food crops and...
Efficiency and productivity differential effects of land certification program in Ethiopia: quasi-experimental evidence from Tigray
H.G. Hagos; S. Holden / International Food Policy Research Institute 2014
This report from the Ethiopia Strategy Support Program examines the effects of the land certification program in Ethiopia on efficiency and productivity. Although theory predicts that better property rights to land can increase...
Crop adaptation to climate change in the semi-arid zone in Tanzania: the role of genetic resources and seed systems
O.T. Westengen; A.K. Brysting 2014
Background Rural livelihoods relying on agriculture are particularly vulnerable to climate change. Climate models project increasingly negative effects on maize and sorghum production in sub-Saharan Africa. We present a case st...
Opportunities and constraints of groundnut production in selected drylands of Ethiopia
A. Chala / Drylands Coordination Group, Norway 2014
This report is the result of a DCG project focusing on opportunities and constraints in groundnut production in selected drylands of Etiopia. The project particularly looked into the challenge of reducing the level of mycotoxins. ...
Drought in Jalna: community-based adaptation to extreme climate events in Maharashtra
T. Vedeld / Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research 2014
This booklet is based on outcomes from a two-year Indo-Norwegian research and capacity development project titled, ‘Extreme Risks, Vulnerabilities and Community-Based Adaptation in India (EVA)’. The findings draw upon empi...
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