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Latest Documents

Breastfeeding: policy matters
A. McFadden; N. Kenney-Muir; H. Whitford; M.J. Renfrew 2015
This report presents six country case studies – from Bangladesh, Brazil, Indonesia, Nigeria, the Philippines and the UK.  It identifies the key elements of global and national organisations’ activities tha...
2016 Lancet Series on Breastfeeding
The Lancet 2016
This is a Lancet Series on Breastfeeding published on January 28, 2016. With a substantial development of research and findings for breastfeeding over the past three decades, we are now able to expand on the health benefit...
Why invest, and what it will take to improve breastfeeding practices?
N.C. Rollins; N. Bhandari; N. Hajeebhoy / The Lancet 2016
Despite its established benefits, breastfeeding is no longer a norm in many communities. Multifactorial determinants of breastfeeding need supportive measures at many levels, from legal and policy directives to social attitudes and va...
Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect
C.G. Victoria; R. Bahl; A.J.D. Barros / The Lancet 2016
The importance of breastfeeding in low-income and middle-income countries is well recognised, but less consensus exists about its importance in high-income countries. In low-income and middle-income countries, only 37% of children you...
Estimating the Effect of Suboptimal Breastfeeding Practices on Child Mortality: A Model in PROFILES for Country-Level Advocacy
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project 2015
Optimal breastfeeding reduces the risk of child mortality. Recently, FANTA updated the PROFILES tool to include a model that estimates the effect of suboptimal breastfeeding practices on child mortality. Developed to sup...
How to strengthen an Infant and Young Child Feeding programme in northern Nigeria
Operational Research and Impact Evaluation 2015
This summary highlights findings and recommendations from operations research into how to strengthen the implementation of an Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) programme and to motivate behaviour change to improve IYCF practices i...
Guidelines for employers on maternity protection at work
International Labour Organization 2014
For working women, pregnancy and maternity are vulnerable times. Maternity leave and breastfeeding breaks while at work are protected under national and international law in most countries.  Special protection is required in the ...
Women, gender and the informal economy: An assessment of ILO research and suggested ways forward
S. Chant; C. Pedwell / International Labour Organization 2008
This discussion paper provides an overview of the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) research on women, gender and the informal economy which was undertaken during the last two decades. It examines methodological and analytical...
The motherhood pay gap: A review of the issues, theory and international evidence
International Labour Organization 2015
Evidence that mothers suffer a wage penalty over and above the penalty for being a woman raises concerns not only for gender equality but also for the capacity of societies to manage a sustainable balance between their economic aims o...
International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) Statement on Maternity Protection at Work
International Baby Food Action Network 2014
The International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) believes that all women should have the right to enjoy a safe and healthy maternity and to make informed decisions about their infants’ and young children’s feeding &ndash...
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More on breastfeeding

Read the latest contributions to the Eldis blog on the subject of nutrition.

Our colleagues at HEART resource centre and MQSUN have launched a new online nutrition topic guide aimed at policymakers and practitioners. 

A woman cuts a vegetable for a customer at a market in Jaipur, India.
© 2000 Todd Shapera, Courtesy of Photoshare