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- DocumentSouth African Institute of International Affairs, 2017Monitoring and evaluation has emerged as a central concern in development thinking. Both the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the AU’s Agenda 2063 represent responses to Africa’s developmental deficits, with much overlap between them.DocumentVienna Institute of Demography, 2016While fertility rates and dependency ratios in Africa remain high, they have started to decline. According to United Nations projections, they will fall further in the coming decades such that by the mid-21st century the ratio of the working-age to dependent population will be greater than in Asia, Europe, and Northern America.Document2016Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) are currently amongst the most popular social protection programmes for addressingpoverty, vulnerabilities, and risks of poor individuals, households and communities in developing Latin American, African, and Asian countries. However, the increasing popularity and adoption of CCTs in Africa have remained highly understudiDocumentSouth African Institute of International Affairs, 2017The spread of invasive plant species has serious consequences for Africa. Toxic weeds and harmful shrubs significantly shrink rangelands and lower the productivity of major grain foods such as maize (in some instances by up to 45%). Toxic weeds suppress the growth of staple crops and take over fields that could otherwise be used for agriculture.OrganisationThe AU Commission’s Campaign to End Child Marriage in Africa aims to combat negative practices that impinge on or contravene the rights and welfare of the child, in particular the girl-child.DocumentSouth African Institute of International Affairs, 2017The quest for competitive elections in Africa, with the modest gains made since the 1990s towards deepeningdemocratisation, continues to underpin the continent’s efforts to create stable and growing democracies.DocumentAfrobarometer, 2016In many parts of Africa, access to and quality of medical services remain poor.DocumentCentre for Conflict Resolution, University of Cape Town (UCT), 2016The Cape Town seminar in August 2016 brought together about 30 key scholars, policymakers, and civil society activists to assess bilateral and multilateral relations between Africa’s traditional and non-traditional actors in the post–Cold War era.DocumentTrade and Industrial Policy Strategies, South Africa, 2016The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has been recognised as the cornerstone of America’s engagement with Sub-Saharan Africa for the past 14 years. It is therefore central to an understanding of the South Africa-US trade relationship.DocumentGlobal Economic Governance Africa, 2016Low-income countries (LICs) in sub-Saharan Africa face a substantial infrastructure-financing gap. multi-lateral development banks (MLDBs) have traditionally played an important role in mobilising finance for infrastructure in LIcs, but their funding alone cannot match demand.