Searching with a thematic focus on Nutrition, Nutrition specific interventions
Showing 101-110 of 273 results
- DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013According to the State of the World’s Children 2010 report, only 58% of breastfed children aged six to nine months in developing countries were given complementary foods in a given 24-hour period. When stunting figures are reviewed to inform this picture, it becomes evident that a large proportion of young children are not receiving frequent adequate diet.DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013It is now well established that an increase in salt intake leads to an increase in blood pressure, and that decreased salt intake relative to the usual or increased intake leads to lowered blood pressure in adults, with or without hypertension. Blood pressure is a strong proxy indicator for the risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.Document
The importance of the quality or type of fat in the diet: a food-based dietary guideline for South AfricaSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013The original South African food-based dietary guideline (FBDG) for fat intake reads: “Eat fats sparingly”. This FBDG was mainly aimed at people who followed or adopted Western-type diets that was high in total fat, especially saturated fatty acids (SFAs), and who were at risk of developing cardiovascular disease and weight gain.DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013In recognition of its importance the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa states that as a basic human right, each individual has the right to access clean, safe water. However, the country is faced with the challenge of supplying high-quality drinking water to all its people.DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013The first set of food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) for South Africa, published in 2001, did not include a separate FBDG for milk and other dairy products. At the time, the rationale focused on cost and affordability by a large section of the population. Milk and dairy products were part of the FBDG on animal foods, which included meat, chicken, fish and eggs.DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013Legumes are plants with seed pods that split into two halves. These include alfalfa, clover, lupin, green beans, peas, peanuts, soybeans, dry beans, broad beans, chickpeas and lentils. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, pulses are a type of legume that are exclusively harvested for dry grain.DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013A national working group, convened by the Directorate Nutrition in the Department of Health, recently revised the set of South African food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs).DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013South Africans have diverse origins, but everybody faces the challenges of addressing the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and associated risk factors. As in other developing countries, there is potential to prevent and control NCDs, in spite of limited resources.DocumentSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013The perception that “people eat foods and not nutrients” led nutrition scientists to replace nutrient-based recommendations for the public with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs), which are dietary recommendations based on local food and eating patterns.Document
Effects of a multi-micronutrient-fortified beverage, with and without sugar, on growth and cognition in South African schoolchildren: a randomised, double-blind, controlled interventionBritish Journal of Nutrition, 2013The most recent South African National Food Consumption Survey-Fortification Baseline (NFCS-FB) in 2005 reported that almost 14% of South African children aged 1–5 years were vitamin A deficient (serum retinol (SR) concentration, <100 μg/l) and 27·9 % were anaemic (Hb concentration, 110 g/l).