Searching with a thematic focus on Nutrition, Nutrition specific interventions
Showing 111-120 of 268 results
The effect of folic acid, protein energy and multiple micronutrient supplements in pregnancy on stillbirthsBMC Public Health, 2011Pregnancy is a state of increased requirement of macro- and micronutrients, and malnourishment or inadequate dietary intake before and during pregnancy, can lead to adverse perinatal outcomes including stillbirths. Many nutritional interventions have been proposed during pregnancy according to the nutritional status of the mother and baseline risk factors for different gestational disorders.Document
Evaluating the impact of supplying double fortified salt through the public distribution system (PDS) on anemia in Bihar, IndiaInternational Initiative for Impact Evaluation, 2015Out of the 2 billion people suffering from anemia worldwide, about half of these cases are traceable to Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) (WHO, 2007). In India 24% of men and 56% of women are anemic (National Family Health Survey, 2005-06). IDA has been associated with low productivity in adults and cognitive and physical stunting among children.Document
Preventive zinc supplementation for children, and the effect of additional iron: a systematic review and meta-analysisBritish Medical Journal, 2014Zinc deficiency is widespread, and preventive supplementation may have benefits in young children. Effects for children over 5 years of age, and effects when co-administered with other micronutrients are uncertain. These are obstacles to scale-up. This review seeks to determine if preventive supplementation reduces mortality and morbidity for children aged 6 months to 12 years.DocumentBMC Public Health, 2011The nutritional status of the mother prior to and during pregnancy plays a vital role in foetal growth and development, and maternal undernourishment may lead to adverse perinatal outcomes including intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Several macronutrient interventions had been proposed for adequate protein and energy supplementation during pregnancy.DocumentBMC Public Health, 2011Given the widespread prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries, supplementation with multiple micronutrients rather than iron-folate alone, could be of potential benefit to the mother and the fetus.DocumentBMC Public Health, 2011Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency in the world, particularly during pregnancy. According to the literature, anaemia, particularly severe anaemia, is associated with increased risk of maternal mortality. It also puts mothers at risk of multiple perinatal complications.Document
Effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on breastfeeding rates, with special focus on developing countriesBMC Public Health, 2011Given the recognised benefits of breastfeeding for the health of the mother and infants, the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life. However, the prevalence of EBF is low globally in many of the developing and developed countries around the world.Document
Impact of education and provision of complementary feeding on growth and morbidity in children less than 2 years of age in developing countries: a systematic reviewBMC Public Health, 2013About one third of deaths in children less than 5 years of age are due to underlying undernutrition.Document
Vitamin A supplements for preventing mortality, illness, and blindness in children aged under 5: systematic review and meta-analysisBritish Medical Journal, 2011Vitamin A refers to a subclass of retinoic acids long understood to help regulate immune function and to reduce morbidity of infectious diseases. Vitamin A is required for normal functioning of the visual system, maintenance of cell function for growth, epithelial integrity, production of red blood cells, immunity, and reproduction.DocumentThe Lancet, 2011Early and exclusive breastfeeding is widely regarded as an important intervention that reduces neonatal, infant, and child mortality, and remains a basis for child survival strategies. Breastfeeding is also associated with improved maternal recovery post-partum and reduced incidence of diabetes and cancers.