Showing 131-140 of 57825 results
- DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016The proposals resulting from the G20/Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) include a drive for mandatory binding arbitration of international tax disputes, strongly supported by business. This issue should be considered in the context of the reasons for and nature of international tax disputes.Document
Tax base erosion and profit shifting in Africa – part 1: Africa’s response to the OECD BEPS action planInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016This paper considers what Africa’s response should be to the OECD’s base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) project. The paper acknowledges that BEPS concerns for developing countries (such as those in Africa) may not necessarily be the same as those for developed countries. The paper first explains the concepts of tax avoidance and tax planning, to describe the background to BEPS.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016This paper explores the issues raised for international tax rules of explicitly treating multinational enterprises (MNEs) as single or unitary firms. It first briefly explains why reform of international corporate taxation is important particularly for developing countries, then outlines the flaws in the current system.Document
The effect of central grants on local tax and non-tax revenue mobilisation in a conflict setting: evidence from Côte d’IvoireInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016This analysis uses panel data from thirty-five departments over the period 2001-2011 to analyse the effect of grants from central government on local revenue mobilisation in Côte d’Ivoire. The study considers the two components of local own revenue in Côte d’Ivoire: tax revenue (LTR) and non-tax revenue (LNTR).DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016In spite of the importance of taxation for political and economic development, we know relatively little about the conditions under which citizens might not exact a political cost on leaders for adopting a particular tax.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016Tax experiments have been gaining momentum in recent years, although this literature dates back several decades. With new developments in methods and data availability, tax experiments have gradually moved away from lab settings and towards the field.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2013This paper is focused on the question: why do the governments of low income countries not raise more tax revenues? Two different but complementary approaches are used to answer it. The first approach is comparisons: among countries today, and within countries over time. This approach tends to generate relatively conservative answers to the central question.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2012This paper examines opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilisation in anglophone Africa, with an emphasis on urban settings. It discusses specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency, income distribution and accountability.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2017This paper reviews three projects implemented in the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation’s (SDC) Democratisation, Decentralisation and Local Governance Network (DDLGN) that aim to provide incentives for local governments to increase tax compliance and revenues.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2010Taxation is fundamental to sustainable development, as it supports the basic functions of an effective state and sets the context for economic growth. More often overlooked is the role of taxation as a catalyst for the development of responsive and accountable government, and for the expansion of state capacity.