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- DocumentAfrican Journals Online - AJOL, 2013There exists no generally accepted definition of the term “capital flight”. For the purpose of this article capital flight refers to Illegal capital flight, also known as illicit financial flows, which disappear from any record in the country of origin. Moreover earnings on the stock of illegal capital flight outside of a country generally do not return to the country of origin.DocumentBahir Dar University School of Law, 2014Employment income is one source of income tax in Ethiopia. Employees, in addition to their periodic salary, may be entitled to other payments or gains in cash or in kind during the employment relationship. The main concern of this article is to assess whether payments other than periodic salary of an employee, particularly house and transportation allowances, are taxable or not.OrganisationDocument
The distributional impact of taxes and transfers: evidence from eight low- and middle-income countriesWorld Bank Publications, 2017This study presents a set of studies for low- and middle-income countries that use the CEQ approach to examine the distributional effects of individual taxes, transfers, and subsidies as well as their combined impact. Most of the case studies were produced with the objective of informing the World Bank in-country dialogue on fiscal policy or fiscal reform.DocumentWorld Bank Publications, 2007Over the past half century, Ethiopia has gone through three ideologically distinct political regimes: the monarchic regime during 1950-1974, the central planning regime during 1974-1991, and the regime that has been in power since the collapse of Derge regime in May 1991.DocumentWorld Bank Publications, 2016Ethiopia’s remarkable socio-economic transformation over the last decade has been marked by: a reorientation of expenditure from recurrent to capital; a significant devolution of resources from Federal Government to Regions; and a clear prioritization of infrastructure spending, while protecting spending on education at four percent of GDP.DocumentInternational Monetary Fund, 2015This Selected Issues paper reviews the evolution of inequality in Ethiopia and discusses the role of various macroeconomic policies as well as structural factors. With a Gini coefficient of 30, Ethiopia remains among the most egalitarian countries in the world. The most vulnerable households seem to experience less benefit from growth than those in the higher income deciles.Document
The practice of fiscal federalism in Ethiopia: a critical assessment 1991-2012: an institutional approachUniversité de Fribourg, 2015The long statehood history of Ethiopia is known for its decentralized governance system with many autonomous regions and principals ruled by hereditary regional chiefs under various titles, but accountable to King of Kings at the centre. The autonomous regions were not only paying annual tribute to the king of kings, but also had to cooperate with the centre.OrganisationDocumentGRID Arendal, 2018The relationship between sanitation and wastewater management is crucial in terms of Africa’s social, economic and ecological concerns. Providing adequate sanitation with proper wastewater treatment represents an opportunity in an era of increasing need to reclaim vital waste resources and lead the way towards the realisation of a circular economy.