Searching with a thematic focus on Gender work and employment, Gender

Showing 251-260 of 272 results


  • Document

    Women's work: discrimination against women in the Ukrainian labor force

    Human Rights Watch, 2003
    This paper examines gender stereotypes and discrimination in hiring practices in the Ukraine. As a result, women are increasingly pushed into low-wage service sector or public sector jobs or seek employment, including secondary employment, in the unregulated informal sector.
  • Document

    Briefing paper on the "feminisation of poverty"

    BRIDGE, 2001
    This paper considers the definition and reality of the "feminisation of poverty." The authors consider the role of female headed households (FHH), labour force participation, different conceptions of poverty, in order to create a picture of how men and women experience poverty differently.
  • Document

    Export processing zone expansion in an African country: what are the labour market and gender impacts?

    Cornell Food and Nutrition Policy Program, Cornell University, 2004
    This study seeks to understand the labour market (employment and earnings) and gender impacts of the dramatic recent expansion of the export processing zone (the Zone Franche) in urban Madagascar.The authors found that, controlling for worker characteristics,earnings in the Zone Franche are comparable to the private formal employment, lower than in the public sector, but much higher than in in
  • Document

    Wage and labour regulation in Vietnam within the poverty reduction agenda

    Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, University of Singapore, 2004
    Since 1986, Vietnam officially began its transition from a centrally-planned economy towards a market-oriented economy. In parallel to drastic economic reforms, the regulatory environment was improved and enhanced, in order to facilitate this transition.
  • Document

    Expansion of markets and women workers: case study of garment manufacturing in India

    Economic and Political Weekly, India, 2004
    This study, based on the garment manufacturing industry, suggests that in the context of dynamic industrial activity in a poor labour-surplus economy, discrimination against women can take place outside the labour market. For example, employment depends on education and skills, to which women have unequal access.
  • Document

    How are workers with family responsibilities faring in the workplace?

    International Labour Organization, 2004
    This paper looks at how discrimination associated with family responsibilities can lead to reduced incomes and a vicious cycle of poverty. Based on interviews of workers in Botswana, Honduras, Mexico, the Russian Federation, the United States, and Vietnam, this paper examines how family responsibilities affect the ability of parents to get jobs, keep jobs and earn a living wage.
  • Document

    Livelihoods (un)employment and social safety nets: reflections from recent studies in KwaZulu-Natal

    Southern African Regional Poverty Network, 2004
    This paper considers some methodological and substantive issues in the fields of livelihoods, unemployment and social safety nets in South Africa. This report focuses on the extent to which work and employment are reported in different types of surveys.
  • Document

    Differences in wages between men and women in Argentina today. Is there an “inverse” gender wage gap?

    Asociación Argentina de Economía Política, Buenos Aires, 2003
    Previous research in Argentina has, unexpectedly, appeared to show that female hourly wages were higher than male hourly wages.
  • Document

    Ethical trade in African horticulture: gender, rights and participation

    Ethical Trade and Natural Resources Programme, NRI, 2004
    Codes of conduct for ethical trade have been criticised for failing to consider gender issues or extend to temporary workers. In response, this paper explores ways to develop codes that are effective and inclusive of all workers, including female and temporary workers.
  • Document

    The informal economy: fact finding study

    Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 2004
    This study provides an overview of the characteristics of the informal economy in developing countries, identifies reasons for the significance of the informal economy, and provides recommendations for SIDA on how to address the issues raised through its development programmes.The paper emphasises that the informal economy needs to be better understood, by both governments and donors, because i