Searching with a thematic focus on Conflict and security
Showing 3701-3710 of 3790 results
- DocumentCentre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 2001This paper argues that ethnic problems are only one aspect of political violence in Africa, while violent conflicts must be thought about as a failure of the state to perform some of its fundamental tasks.State formation in Africa is a transition process starting from an institutional endowment of ethnic division.DocumentInternational Monetary Fund, 2001This paper concludes that:the effectiveness of mass privatisation methods that led to a dispersed post-privatisation ownership structure is questionable and suggests that privatization that grants signficant ownership stakes to single parties may have greater efficiency gains than privatization that disperses ownershipseveral years after privatisation ownership structures of individualDocumentUnited Nations [UN] Environment Programme, 2000Report on the findings of the pre-assessment of the environmental impacts of the refugee situation in Guinea.Observations and conclusions:high population densities in the rural areas has resulted in high pressure on natural resources in southern Guinea.DocumentBankWatch, 2001This article criticises the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) for its activities over the last 10 years. The EBRD's goal is to foster the development of democracy and sustainable development in the regions of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).DocumentUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2000This article discusses the aims and level of success of two programmes piloted in Kenyan refugee camps aiming to enrich education: an environmental education, and a peace education programme.DocumentAgeing and Life Course (WHO), 1999With no nation-wide registry of older people and community based data on morbidity not readily available, the absence of reliable and continuous sources of data on India makes the task of researchers difficult.Paper gives overview of issues of ageing population, coveringDemographic transition in IndiaDefining ageing in IndiaCurrent scenario and future projectionsAlsoDocumentInternational Crisis Group, 2001This article deals with the issue of Islamic radical activity in Central Asian states of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.DocumentUnited Nations Development Programme, 2000The paper reports on the UNDP undertaking of a strategic evaluation to take stock of its experience in complex emergency situations and extract insights to improve the organization’s capacity to respond. The terms of reference for the exercise identified the reintegration of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and ex-combatants as the principal area of focus.Document
Peace and Conflict 2001: a global survey of armed conflicts, self-determination movements, and democracyCenter for International Development and Conflict Management, University of Maryland, 2001Describes major trends in armed conflict, self-determination movements, and democracy through the contemporary era, 1946-2000, and provides a "conflict ledger" assessing each country's "peace-building capacity" at the turn of the new millennium.Contents include:Peace and Conflict Ledger - country rnkings of conflict and peace-building capacityGlobal trends in violent conflictselDocumentInternational Monetary Fund, 2001This paper analyses how sanctions imposed on the contestants in civil conflict affect the welfare of these contestants and the allocation of resources to conflict.The article finds that weak sanctions can hurt the contestant they are supposed to help, while strong sanctions augment the expected welfare of their intended beneficiaries.