Searching with a thematic focus on Conflict and security
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Democratic Republic of the Congo: reluctant recruits: children and adults forcibly recruited for military service in North KivuHuman Rights Watch, 2001Documents an intensive campaign of forcible recruitment of adults and children begun by RCD-Goma and its Rwandan allies in the last quarter of 2000. The paper asserts that the major rebel group in eastern Congo continues to recruit children to wage war against the Congolese government.DocumentHuman Rights Watch, 2001Paper asserts that Ugandan authorities have fuelled political and ethnic strife in eastern Congo with disastrous consequences for the local population. Paper documents how Ugandan authorities intervened in rivalries among factions of the rebel Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD). Some of these quarrels degenerated into military skirmishes in which civilians have been killed and injured.DocumentHuman Rights Watch, 2000Paper asserts that the South African government must urgently address the inconsistencies that have emerged between its arms export policies and practices, and deny all human rights abusers its weapons, the tools with which such abuses have been committed. In particular, Human Rights Watch believes four areas need attention.DocumentCentre for Developing-Area Studies, McGill University, 2000This presentation pursues two areas of reflection concerning the limitations of development strategies, both of which result from observations of armed conflicts: one is what happens to refugees, displaced persons and the diaspora (including, international migrants) and the other is what happens to the nation-state as it attempts to reconstruct and reconcile to prevent further conflict.DocumentUnited Nations Development Fund for Women, 2000Book consists of three chapters that trace women's involvement in peace-building from grassroots community activism to formal political negotiations. Chapter One provides an overview of the obstacles women have faced and the strategies they have adopted in their efforts to reach the peace table.DocumentUnited Nations Development Fund for Women, 2000This document reviews the wide-ranging series of actions taken in response to the recommendations of the 1996 Machel Report. Many of the significant achievements are woven into this text, which constitutes an early summary of a book that will be published in early 2001.DocumentUnited Nations Development Fund for Women, 2001Despite advances in the international rights regime, persistent discrimination evident in the customary laws which regulate women's status in most traditional societies was a constant factor across cultural, social and political divides.DocumentEvaluation and Policy Analysis Unit, UNHCR, 2001Most refugee camps and settlements of any duration provide access to some form of primary education.DocumentEvaluation and Policy Analysis Unit, UNHCR, 2001Report concerns the evaluation of ongoing skills training programmes for the 10,000 young Burundian refugees entering adulthood each year in the refugee camps, with a view to expanding them into a wider programme based in the refugee camps.DocumentWorld Bank, 2001This paper assesses the potential effects on the value and the pattern of trade from implementing initiatives to grant least developed countries (LDCs) duty free access for tariff peak items in Quad markets. The paper is motivated by recent proposals of the Commission of the European Communities to provide LDCs with free access to the EU for all products except arms.