Searching with a thematic focus on Environment

Showing 3891-3900 of 4013 results


  • Document

    An Assessment of European - aided Watershed Development Projects in India from the Perspective of Poverty Reduction and the poor

    Danish Institute for International Studies, 1998
    The paper assesses four Watershed Development Projects in India supported by European donors, namely Karnataka Watershed Development Project (Danida), Doon Valley Integrated Watershed Management Project (European Commission), Karnataka Integrated Watershed Management Project (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau) and Karnataka Watershed Development Project (Overseas Development Administration/Department
  • Document

    Business development, social security or patronage? Zambia’s Agricultural Credit Management Programme.

    Centre for Development Studies, Bath University, 1997
    The government that took power in Zambia in 1991 faced the challenge of fulfilling its promise to liberalise the economy while at the same time preventing any further increase in poverty and consolidating its hold on power. Part of its response was the launch, in 1994, of the Agricultural Credit Management Programme (ACMP).
  • Document

    Climatic Uncertainty and Natural Resource Policy: What Should the Role of Government Be?

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Recent concern about the consequences of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has focused attention on how policy implications are interpreted and acted upon, and the role government has in monitoring and disseminating predictions of weather patterns.
  • Document

    Indonesia and the 1997-98 El Niño: Fire Problems and Long-Term Solutions

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1996
    The 1997-98 El Nino is among the strongest recorded and low rainfall in Indonesia set the conditions for widespread fires. At the same time, it is clearer during this particular El Niño than it has been in the past that many fires are being deliberately set.
  • Document

    Investing in Destruction: The World Bank and Biodiversity

    GRAIN, 1997
    The World Bank has been one of the most powerful forces behind genetic erosion around the world for the last 30 years. Here we review the impact of the Bank’s operations on biodiversity over that time, with an emphasis on agrobiodiversity, assess its current approach to biodiversity issues and where it is headed in the future. In particular, we look in detail at its agricultural vision.
  • Document

    Ten reasons not to join UPOV [Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants]

    GRAIN, 1998
    Developing countries are currently facing intense pressure to institute intellectual property rights (IPRs) for plant varieties. Despite the fact that the brief history of IPRs over plants and biological resources has undermined local biodiversity in the North and precipitated corporate monopolies over the food system, Southern countries are being forced to travel the same path.
  • Document

    'The rich are just like us only richer?: poverty functions or consumption functions?

    Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1995
    The concept of a poverty function is introduced, modelling the shortfall of household consumption from the poverty line as a function of reduced form determinants such as human capital and land holdings. The model is estimated using a tobit and data from Uganda.
  • Document

    Staking Their Claims: Land Disputes in Southern Mozambique

    Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997
    Conflicting interests in land and resource use emerged in postwar Mozambique, giving rise to multiple layers of dispute. This article explores the disputes occurring between 1992 and 1995 in two districts which are notable for the severity of competition over land by virtue of their proximity to Maputo, namely, Matutuíne and Namaacha.
  • Document

    Environmental Effects of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

    Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine, 1998
    Review of the research literature concerning the environmental consequences of increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide leads to the conclusion that increases during the 20th Century have produced no deleterious effects upon global weather, climate, or temperature. Increased carbon dioxide has, however, markedly increased plant growth rates.
  • Document

    Carbon Sinks in the Post-Kyoto World

    Weathervane: Digital Forum on Global Climate Policy, 1998
    Reviews the basic scientific understanding about forests' function as carbon sinks and forest-related activities and trends that alter global carbon balances. They also examine the Kyoto Protocol 's language regarding the role of forests as carbon sinks and sources, and the use of forestry-based projects to produce carbon credits under the Protocol. [author]