Searching with a thematic focus on Environment
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Property rights, collective action and technologies for natural resource management: a conceptual frameworkCGIAR System-wide Program on Property Rights and Collective Action, 1998Explores how the institutions of property rights and collective action play a particularly important role in the application of technologies for agricultural and natural resource management.Technologies with long time frames tend to require tenure security to provide sufficient incentives for adoption, while those that operate on a large spatial scale will require collective action to coordinatDocumentNatural Resources Institute, UK, 2000In recent years labour standards have risen up the policy agenda. Conventions agreed at the International Labour Organisation, some decades ago, have acquired an increased resonance. This paper discusses core labour standards and the statutory and voluntary mechanisms by which they are being implemented.DocumentThe Corner House, UK, 1999Article looks at a specific case of racial oppression manifesting itself within development programs. At a more general level, the article looks at how ecological project can become politicised.An example of this is South-East Asia, where valley-based states have regularly attempted to sedentarize or repress hill-dwelling ethnic minorities.DocumentGRAIN, 1999The Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) claim the introduction of plant variety protection (a form of patent law) will contribute to food security, sustainable agriculture, and the protection of the environment and of biodiversity.DocumentBiotechnology and Development Monitor, 1998This article provides an integrated analysis of the different concerning the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).DocumentGenetic Engineering & Intellectual Property Rights Resource Center, 2001Addresses some of the arguments against IPR and indicates how strengthening intellectual property rights will enable farmers throughout the world to receive the latest developments in crop production.Conclusions:enforceable and strong IPRs are essential to encourage the transfer of the latest technologies to developing countries, and for stimulating research in these same new tecDocumentDrylands Programme, IIED, 2000This article discusses what is the best means of managing the commons. The article stresses that these are critical questions in the current wave of decentralisation and tenure reform taking place in many Sahelian states.DocumentGRAIN, 1999This paper summarises GRAIN’s view of what should be done with TRIPS Article 27.3(b) during its 1999 Review.Document
People, plants, and patents: the impact of intellectual property on trade, plant biodiversity, and rural societyInternational Development Research Centre, 1994The purpose of this book is to identify key IPR issues and choices and to describe the broader context within which decisions are being made.Document
Trade, intellectual property, food and biodiversity: key issues and options for the 1999 review of Article 27.3(b)of the TRIPS AgreementAgricultural Biotechnology Support Project, MSU, 1999This discussion paper reviews the complexities and uncertainties surrounding the impact of the current multilateral Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) regime, on plants and animals, on plant variety protection systems, and on food security and agricultural biodiversity.