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Searching with a thematic focus on Environment

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  • Document

    Theoretical Aspects of Forest Accounting

    Harvard Institute for International Development, Cambridge Mass., 1998
    Recent empirical studies have focused on national accounting issues related to forest resources, but none has systematically examined the issues from a theoretical perspective. Paper demonstrates that one should adjust the level of GDP upward for household consumption of nonmarket nontimber products and forest amenities.
  • Document

    Multiple Uses of Common Pool Resources in Semi-Arid West Africa: A Survey of Existing Practices and Options for Sustainable Resource Management

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Common pool resources such as rangeland, forests, fallow fields and ponds provide an array of social and economic benefits for a wide variety of users in semi-arid west Africa. However, poor definition and enforcement of the institutional arrangements governing the use of these resources sometimes lead to social conflicts and resource degradation.
  • Document

    Assessing the Need to Manage Conflict in Community-Based Natural Resource Projects

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Considers the role of ‘conflict management assessment’ in community-based natural resource projects. The importance of conducting an assessment of the potential for conflict and its management in relation to a project intervention is stressed, and an assessment framework described.
  • Document

    Participatory Biodiversity Conservation: Rethinking the Strategy in the Low Tourist Potential Areas of Tropical Africa

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Converting international interest in biodiversity conservation into a positive development strategy represents a major challenge for governments and the donor community. While defensive strategies in line with the ‘fines and fences’ approach are now widely rejected, attempts to provide positive incentives through alternative income generating strategies have not proven very effective.
  • Document

    Biodiversity Conservation and its Opponents

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Arguments over biodiversity conservation continue to generate more heat than light. This paper reviews pro-conservation arguments, concluding that the main policy requirements are to improve the scientific basis of our understanding, and to popularise up-to-date knowledge among a wide audience.
  • Document

    Rural Poverty: Population Dynamics, Local Institutions and Access to Resources

    Sustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 1998
    Analyses two examples of changing institution-resource access relationships in Africa and Latin America. The Africa case (Kakamega, Western Kenya) highlights the resource endowments and problems associated with the participation of individuals in multiple institutions, whereas the Latin America case (Oaxaca, Mexico) focuses on the changes in a single institution in response to population growth.
  • Document

    Industrial Reliance on Biodiversity

    UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1997
    Overview of the extent to which industry in the developed world relies on the biodiversity of the developing world. Primitive human societies rely almost entirely on wild species for food, draught, building materials and other products, and such direct use continues in modern society.
  • Document

    Urban Agriculture in Drylands: articles from Arid Lands Newsletter

    Office of Arid Land Studies University of Arizona, 1997
    Series of articles on importance of urban agriculture in areas subject to desertification.
  • Document

    Biodiversity and the appropriation of women's knowledge

    Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor - Indigenous Knowledge WorldWide, 1997
    In the past few years research institutions and development organizations have 'discovered' the relevance of men farmers' indigenous knowledge of genetic resource management and, after some delay, that of women farmers as well. At the same time, attention has been drawn to the global need to conserve biological diversity.
  • Document

    What Role for Tropical Forests in Climate Change Mitigation? The Case of Costa Rica

    Harvard Institute for International Development, Cambridge Mass., 1999
    Land and forestry-based activities could in principle play important roles as climate change mitigation strategies. In practice, however, several questions have been raised about their feasibility. Therefore, understanding the processes and determinants of land use changes is critical.

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