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Searching with a thematic focus on Environment

Showing 3901-3910 of 3965 results

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  • Document

    Can CAMPFIRE go beyond elephant?

    Institute of Environmental Studies, Zimbabwe, 1999
    Policy brief looking at whether the CAMPFIRE initiatives that involve empowering local communities to manage and benefit from their natural resources can be applied to a broader spectrum of woodland resources.It identifies the following problems:a legal and policy framework which is not enabling to local managementweakened local institutional structuresa high degree of differen
  • Document

    Climate change science: an analysis of some key questions

    National Academy of Sciences [The National Academies], USA, 2001
    This review of climate-change science for the US Government confirms IPCC arguments: that greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth’s atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise. Temperatures are, in fact, rising.
  • Document

    The institutional dynamics of community-based natural resource management: an entitlements approach

    Environment Team, IDS Sussex, 2000
    This article begins by criticising neo-malthusian approaches to community-based resource management (CBNRM), which frames problems in terms of imbalances between social needs and aggregate resource availability. The article urges the need to start from the politics of resource access and control among diverse social actors.
  • Document

    From users to custodians: changing relations between people and the state in forest management in Tanzania

    World Bank, 2001
    This paper begins by discussing Tanzania's increasing recognition of the need to bring individuals, local groups, and communities into the policy, planning, and management process if woodlands are to remain productive in the coming decades.The article finds that:central control of forests takes management responsibility away from the communities most dependent on them, inevitably resul
  • Document

    How the location of roads and protected areas affects deforestation in North Thailand

    World Bank, 2001
    This article discusses the extent to which the location of roads s and protected areas affects deforestation in North Thailand. The article stresses that establishing protected areas (national parks together with wildlife sanctuaries) in North Thailand did not reduce the likelihood of forest clearing, but wildlife sanctuaries may have reduced the probability of deforestation.
  • Document

    Extensive pastoral livestock systems: issues and options for the future

    Japan-FAO Association, 1999
    This article explores extensive pastoral livestock systems.The article indicates that:extensive pastoral production used some 25% of the world’s land and produces some 10% of the meat used for human consumption, while supporting some 20 million pastoral householdspastoral production is split between the extensive enclosed systems and open range systemsrangelands used by pastoral
  • Document

    Protected Areas: the concept and case studies

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1998
    Historical development of the concept of protected areas and biodiversity, plus short case studies of Cameroon, Colombia, Spain and Zimbabwe.
  • Document

    General equilibrium modelling of trade and the environment / John Beghin ...[et al.]

    OECD Development Centre, 1996
    The environmental impacts of economic activity have become an increasingly urgent concern in both OECD Member countries, as well as in non-Member countries. Research in this area is still in its infancy, and the data required to buttress analytical studies is still sparse.
  • Document

    Outflows of capital from China

    OECD Development Centre, 1997
    While the world has been mesmerised by China’s emergence as a major player in international trade, now being one of the world’s top ten traders, and also as an absorber of international capital (second only to the United States), China’s state-owned and other public sector enterprises have been quietly growing in importance as a source of international capital.
  • Document

    The Policy Challenges of Globalisation and Regionalisation

    OECD Development Centre, 1999
    Globalisation and regionalisation tend to be mutually reinforcing. Policies must ensure that this outcome prevails, for non-OECD and OECD countries alike. Globalisation can weaken social cohesion and States’ economic policy autonomy. Post-taylorist “flexible” forms of organisation now drive and shape globalisation.

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