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Searching with a thematic focus on Environment

Showing 3901-3910 of 4013 results

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  • Document

    The Ghanaian Manufacturing Sector 1991-1995: Firm Growth, Productivity and Convergence [paper and dataset]

    Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1998
    The removal of high levels of protection combined with substantial real devaluations has changed the environment in which Ghanaian manufacturing firms have operated in the 1990s. The changes in output, composition and productivity, which have occurred over this period, are examined in this paper.
  • Document

    Structural characteristics of the economy of Mozambique: A SAM-based analysis

    Development Economic Research Group, Denmark, 1998
    Key features of the Mozambican economy are synthesized in this paper based on a new 1995 social accounting matrix. Particular attention is paid to the critical role of home consumption and large marketing margins. The fundamental importance of agricultural development emerges clearly from a descriptive review and from structural path analyses.
  • Document

    Poverty and Environment: Turning the Poor into Agents of Environmental Regeneration

    Poverty Elimination Programme, UNDP, 1998
    The poor adapt and learn to live with poverty in a variety of ways. They also try to cope with shocks from events such as droughts, floods and loss of employment. Environmental resources play a vital role in their survival strategies. As the poor depend on environmental resources, one can expect them to have a stake in their preservation. Much of the damage done to natural resources is by others.
  • Document

    India's Position on Climate Change from Rio to Kyoto: A Policy Analysis

    Danish Institute for International Studies, 1998
    Policy-making analysis of actors, structures, ideas, interests and powers behind the Indian government’s national position on climate change.
  • Document

    Theoretical Aspects of Forest Accounting

    Harvard Institute for International Development, Cambridge Mass., 1998
    Recent empirical studies have focused on national accounting issues related to forest resources, but none has systematically examined the issues from a theoretical perspective. Paper demonstrates that one should adjust the level of GDP upward for household consumption of nonmarket nontimber products and forest amenities.
  • Document

    Multiple Uses of Common Pool Resources in Semi-Arid West Africa: A Survey of Existing Practices and Options for Sustainable Resource Management

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Common pool resources such as rangeland, forests, fallow fields and ponds provide an array of social and economic benefits for a wide variety of users in semi-arid west Africa. However, poor definition and enforcement of the institutional arrangements governing the use of these resources sometimes lead to social conflicts and resource degradation.
  • Document

    Assessing the Need to Manage Conflict in Community-Based Natural Resource Projects

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Considers the role of ‘conflict management assessment’ in community-based natural resource projects. The importance of conducting an assessment of the potential for conflict and its management in relation to a project intervention is stressed, and an assessment framework described.
  • Document

    Participatory Biodiversity Conservation: Rethinking the Strategy in the Low Tourist Potential Areas of Tropical Africa

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Converting international interest in biodiversity conservation into a positive development strategy represents a major challenge for governments and the donor community. While defensive strategies in line with the ‘fines and fences’ approach are now widely rejected, attempts to provide positive incentives through alternative income generating strategies have not proven very effective.
  • Document

    Biodiversity Conservation and its Opponents

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Arguments over biodiversity conservation continue to generate more heat than light. This paper reviews pro-conservation arguments, concluding that the main policy requirements are to improve the scientific basis of our understanding, and to popularise up-to-date knowledge among a wide audience.
  • Document

    Rural Poverty: Population Dynamics, Local Institutions and Access to Resources

    Sustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 1998
    Analyses two examples of changing institution-resource access relationships in Africa and Latin America. The Africa case (Kakamega, Western Kenya) highlights the resource endowments and problems associated with the participation of individuals in multiple institutions, whereas the Latin America case (Oaxaca, Mexico) focuses on the changes in a single institution in response to population growth.

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