Searching with a thematic focus on Environment

Showing 3901-3910 of 4017 results


  • Document

    'The rich are just like us only richer?: poverty functions or consumption functions?

    Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1995
    The concept of a poverty function is introduced, modelling the shortfall of household consumption from the poverty line as a function of reduced form determinants such as human capital and land holdings. The model is estimated using a tobit and data from Uganda.
  • Document

    Staking Their Claims: Land Disputes in Southern Mozambique

    Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997
    Conflicting interests in land and resource use emerged in postwar Mozambique, giving rise to multiple layers of dispute. This article explores the disputes occurring between 1992 and 1995 in two districts which are notable for the severity of competition over land by virtue of their proximity to Maputo, namely, Matutuíne and Namaacha.
  • Document

    Environmental Effects of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

    Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine, 1998
    Review of the research literature concerning the environmental consequences of increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide leads to the conclusion that increases during the 20th Century have produced no deleterious effects upon global weather, climate, or temperature. Increased carbon dioxide has, however, markedly increased plant growth rates.
  • Document

    Carbon Sinks in the Post-Kyoto World

    Weathervane: Digital Forum on Global Climate Policy, 1998
    Reviews the basic scientific understanding about forests' function as carbon sinks and forest-related activities and trends that alter global carbon balances. They also examine the Kyoto Protocol 's language regarding the role of forests as carbon sinks and sources, and the use of forestry-based projects to produce carbon credits under the Protocol. [author]
  • Document

    The Ghanaian Manufacturing Sector 1991-1995: Firm Growth, Productivity and Convergence [paper and dataset]

    Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1998
    The removal of high levels of protection combined with substantial real devaluations has changed the environment in which Ghanaian manufacturing firms have operated in the 1990s. The changes in output, composition and productivity, which have occurred over this period, are examined in this paper.
  • Document

    Structural characteristics of the economy of Mozambique: A SAM-based analysis

    Development Economic Research Group, Denmark, 1998
    Key features of the Mozambican economy are synthesized in this paper based on a new 1995 social accounting matrix. Particular attention is paid to the critical role of home consumption and large marketing margins. The fundamental importance of agricultural development emerges clearly from a descriptive review and from structural path analyses.
  • Document

    Poverty and Environment: Turning the Poor into Agents of Environmental Regeneration

    Poverty Elimination Programme, UNDP, 1998
    The poor adapt and learn to live with poverty in a variety of ways. They also try to cope with shocks from events such as droughts, floods and loss of employment. Environmental resources play a vital role in their survival strategies. As the poor depend on environmental resources, one can expect them to have a stake in their preservation. Much of the damage done to natural resources is by others.
  • Document

    India's Position on Climate Change from Rio to Kyoto: A Policy Analysis

    Danish Institute for International Studies, 1998
    Policy-making analysis of actors, structures, ideas, interests and powers behind the Indian government’s national position on climate change.
  • Document

    Theoretical Aspects of Forest Accounting

    Harvard Institute for International Development, Cambridge Mass., 1998
    Recent empirical studies have focused on national accounting issues related to forest resources, but none has systematically examined the issues from a theoretical perspective. Paper demonstrates that one should adjust the level of GDP upward for household consumption of nonmarket nontimber products and forest amenities.
  • Document

    Multiple Uses of Common Pool Resources in Semi-Arid West Africa: A Survey of Existing Practices and Options for Sustainable Resource Management

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Common pool resources such as rangeland, forests, fallow fields and ponds provide an array of social and economic benefits for a wide variety of users in semi-arid west Africa. However, poor definition and enforcement of the institutional arrangements governing the use of these resources sometimes lead to social conflicts and resource degradation.