Searching with a thematic focus on Environment
Showing 3901-3910 of 3965 results
- DocumentInstitute of Environmental Studies, Zimbabwe, 1999Policy brief looking at whether the CAMPFIRE initiatives that involve empowering local communities to manage and benefit from their natural resources can be applied to a broader spectrum of woodland resources.It identifies the following problems:a legal and policy framework which is not enabling to local managementweakened local institutional structuresa high degree of differenDocumentNational Academy of Sciences [The National Academies], USA, 2001This review of climate-change science for the US Government confirms IPCC arguments: that greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth’s atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise. Temperatures are, in fact, rising.DocumentEnvironment Team, IDS Sussex, 2000This article begins by criticising neo-malthusian approaches to community-based resource management (CBNRM), which frames problems in terms of imbalances between social needs and aggregate resource availability. The article urges the need to start from the politics of resource access and control among diverse social actors.Document
From users to custodians: changing relations between people and the state in forest management in TanzaniaWorld Bank, 2001This paper begins by discussing Tanzania's increasing recognition of the need to bring individuals, local groups, and communities into the policy, planning, and management process if woodlands are to remain productive in the coming decades.The article finds that:central control of forests takes management responsibility away from the communities most dependent on them, inevitably resulDocumentWorld Bank, 2001This article discusses the extent to which the location of roads s and protected areas affects deforestation in North Thailand. The article stresses that establishing protected areas (national parks together with wildlife sanctuaries) in North Thailand did not reduce the likelihood of forest clearing, but wildlife sanctuaries may have reduced the probability of deforestation.DocumentJapan-FAO Association, 1999This article explores extensive pastoral livestock systems.The article indicates that:extensive pastoral production used some 25% of the world’s land and produces some 10% of the meat used for human consumption, while supporting some 20 million pastoral householdspastoral production is split between the extensive enclosed systems and open range systemsrangelands used by pastoralDocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Historical development of the concept of protected areas and biodiversity, plus short case studies of Cameroon, Colombia, Spain and Zimbabwe.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1996The environmental impacts of economic activity have become an increasingly urgent concern in both OECD Member countries, as well as in non-Member countries. Research in this area is still in its infancy, and the data required to buttress analytical studies is still sparse.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1997While the world has been mesmerised by China’s emergence as a major player in international trade, now being one of the world’s top ten traders, and also as an absorber of international capital (second only to the United States), China’s state-owned and other public sector enterprises have been quietly growing in importance as a source of international capital.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999Globalisation and regionalisation tend to be mutually reinforcing. Policies must ensure that this outcome prevails, for non-OECD and OECD countries alike. Globalisation can weaken social cohesion and States’ economic policy autonomy. Post-taylorist “flexible” forms of organisation now drive and shape globalisation.