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Searching with a thematic focus on Environment

Showing 3941-3950 of 4013 results

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  • Document

    Forest cleansing: racial oppression in scientific nature conservation

    The Corner House, UK, 1999
    Article looks at a specific case of racial oppression manifesting itself within development programs. At a more general level, the article looks at how ecological project can become politicised.An example of this is South-East Asia, where valley-based states have regularly attempted to sedentarize or repress hill-dwelling ethnic minorities.
  • Document

    Plant variety protection to feed Africa?: Rhetoric versus reality

    GRAIN, 1999
    The Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) claim the introduction of plant variety protection (a form of patent law) will contribute to food security, sustainable agriculture, and the protection of the environment and of biodiversity.
  • Document

    Sui generis rights: from opposing to complementary approaches

    Biotechnology and Development Monitor, 1998
    This article provides an integrated analysis of the different concerning the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
  • Document

    Intellectual property protection: who needs it?

    Genetic Engineering & Intellectual Property Rights Resource Center, 2001
    Addresses some of the arguments against IPR and indicates how strengthening intellectual property rights will enable farmers throughout the world to receive the latest developments in crop production.Conclusions:enforceable and strong IPRs are essential to encourage the transfer of the latest technologies to developing countries, and for stimulating research in these same new tec
  • Document

    Who's managing the commons: inclusive mangement for a sustainable future

    Drylands Programme, IIED, 2000
    This article discusses what is the best means of managing the commons. The article stresses that these are critical questions in the current wave of decentralisation and tenure reform taking place in many Sahelian states.
  • Document

    TRIPS versus biodiversity: what to do with the 1999 review of Article 27.3(b)

    GRAIN, 1999
    This paper summarises GRAIN’s view of what should be done with TRIPS Article 27.3(b) during its 1999 Review.
  • Document

    People, plants, and patents: the impact of intellectual property on trade, plant biodiversity, and rural society

    International Development Research Centre, 1994
    The purpose of this book is to identify key IPR issues and choices and to describe the broader context within which decisions are being made.
  • Document

    Trade, intellectual property, food and biodiversity: key issues and options for the 1999 review of Article 27.3(b)of the TRIPS Agreement

    Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project, MSU, 1999
    This discussion paper reviews the complexities and uncertainties surrounding the impact of the current multilateral Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) regime, on plants and animals, on plant variety protection systems, and on food security and agricultural biodiversity.
  • Document

    Can CAMPFIRE go beyond elephant?

    Institute of Environmental Studies, Zimbabwe, 1999
    Policy brief looking at whether the CAMPFIRE initiatives that involve empowering local communities to manage and benefit from their natural resources can be applied to a broader spectrum of woodland resources.It identifies the following problems:a legal and policy framework which is not enabling to local managementweakened local institutional structuresa high degree of differen
  • Document

    Climate change science: an analysis of some key questions

    National Academy of Sciences [The National Academies], USA, 2001
    This review of climate-change science for the US Government confirms IPCC arguments: that greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth’s atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise. Temperatures are, in fact, rising.

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