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  • Document

    AIDS and agriculture in Africa: can agricultural policy make a difference?

    Sustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 2000
    Focussing on sub-Saharan Africa, where the HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread rapidly over the past 15 years, this article highlights the effects of the pandemic on farm households and discusses some policy issues arising from it.Effects of HIV/AIDS infection on agriculture:Reduction in area of land under cultivation, as land is often allocated by community authorities to families on the basi
  • Document

    Explaining child malnutrition in developing countries:a cross-country analysis

    International Food Policy Research Institute, 2000
    Substantial abstract of a report which draws on the experience of 63 developing countries over a 25-year period to clarify the relative importance of the various determinants of child malnutrition for each developing region. Six factors are explored:
  • Document

    The impact of HIV/AIDS on food security

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001
    This article begins by emphasising that HIV/AIDS cannot be considered solely as a health problem and sufficient efforts are needed to address its social, economic and institutional consequences. Indeed the report suggests that increasingly, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is having a major impact on nutrition, food security, agricultural production and rural societies in many countries.
  • Document

    Health and ageing: a discussion paper

    Ageing and Life Course (WHO), 2001
    Global ageing puts increasing economic and social demands on all countries, but older people also provide a precious, often-ignored resource. A discussion paper, produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the run up to the UN World Assembly on Ageing, 2002, explores the policy challenges of population ageing worldwide.
  • Document

    International perspectives on health inequalities and policy

    British Medical Journal, 2001
    While it is important to target "the poor", inequalities and inequities are not simply about the most deprived members of society. In low-income countries a large minority or even majority of the population live in poverty. In developed countries there are fine inequalities in health status that span the full socioeconomic spectrum.
  • Document

    JHPIEGO's work in policy: a comprehensive review

    JHPIEGO Consortium, 2001
    This report explores the various ways in which JHPIEGO has been involved in policy-related work.
  • Document

    Food safety and developing countries

    Agriculture and the WTO Negotiations: The New Trade Round and Developing Countries, 2000
    Background information and and basic principles on how World Bank lending for food safety can help client countries build the effectiveness and credibility of their food safety systems, from cleaner food to pest-free production.
  • Document

    Poverty, human capital and gender: a comparative study of Yemen and Egypt

    Workshop on the Analysis of Poverty and its Determinants in the MENA Region, 2001
    The objective of this study is to examine the impacts of poverty on children's health status and educational attainment in Yemen and Egypt. The hypothesis is children from poor families, particularly girls have lower health status, lower educational attainment, and are most likely to engage in child labour.
  • Document

    Are incentives everything?: payment mechanisms for health care providers in developing countries

    World Bank, 2001
    Reforms in the health care systems of developing countries frequently focus on “getting the incentives right” and aim to use provider payments to optimize the utilization of scarce health care resources, transform clinical practice, and improve the quality of care.
  • Document

    The State of the World’s Children 2001

    United Nations Children's Fund, 2001
    Drawing on reports from the world over, The State of the World’s Children 2001 details the daily lives of parents and other caregivers who are striving – in the face of war, poverty and the HIV/AIDS epidemic – to protect the rights and meet the needs of these young children.

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