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- DocumentWorld Bank Publications, 1988In the case of semi-subsistence agriculture where wage employment is not available, the role played by prices and taxes in determining production and consumption decisions is not clearly established by economic theories of household choice.Document
Challenges of Value Added Tax (VAT) collection performance: a case study of Hawassa City Revenue Authority (South Ethiopia)SAGE Publications, 2016This study investigates the challenges of Value Added Tax (VAT) collection performance in case of Hawassa City Revenue Authority. The study adopted a mixed research method approach to answer the research questions.DocumentColombia University, 2016The empirical evidence on the effects of VAT policy in developing countries is scarce. Using a detailed firm level census panel, we study the response of manufacturing firms to the adoption of VAT in Ethiopia. The VAT policy mandated firms with revenue higher than $22000 to register for VAT and the smaller firms to pay a lower turnover tax.OrganisationDocumentUnited States Agency for International Development, 2018Jamaica’s transportation system is already affected by weather extremes. Damage to roads, bridges and supporting infrastructure such as drains and culverts is commonplace, both as a result of extreme events as well as outdated design and inadequate maintenance.OrganisationScience Publishing Group is an independent international publisher of 200+ open access, online, peer-reviewed journals covering a wide range of academic disciplines.Document
Assessment of challenges in export marketing: the case of Ethiopian vegetable and fruit commercial growersScientific Research Publishing, 2018Globalisation forces companies to internationalize their operation in the global market. Exporting plays a vital role in economic development of a nation as well as for the development of the particular exporting company. Although, the benefits derived from exporting in an increasingly globalized marketplace are enormous, but for many companies, exporting is constrained by numerous challenges.DocumentUnited States Agency for International Development, 2018This assessment examines the legal and regulatory environment, intergovernmental coordination, information generation and information sharing, climate change adaptation (CCA) capacity (and urban management capacity more generally), and financial resources and financial mechanisms available in South Africa to address urban CCA priorities.DocumentUnited States Agency for International Development, 2018This report examines the institutional, legal and regulatory environment, climate change adaptation and urban management capacity, and financial resources and mechanisms available to address adaptation and disaster risk reduction priorities in Madagascar’s growing cities.