Showing 57271-57280 of 57574 results
- DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2001Armed conflict is arguably now the single most important determinant of poverty in Africa; certainly of the concentrated forms of poverty that develop when populations are displaced, livelihoods vanish and safety networks break down.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 2001Analyses the determinants of intra-African trade (IAT) to assess the potential obstacles to greater sub-regional trade.Finds that infrastructure, particularly poor telecommunication networks and weak transport communications, is a crucial factor hindering intra-Africa trade (IAT)sound economic policies, such as the adoption of Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAP) and good exchange-ratDocumentPovertyNet, World Bank, 2001Contains new estimates of global income poverty in 1998, new income poverty projections for the year 2015, and new information on income poverty and social indicators by region and country.The numbers show little progress in reducing income poverty over the last decade—impressive gains were made in East Asia before the crisis hit, but have been partly reversed, and little if any progress tookDocumentMcGann Associates, 2001The article emphasises the remarkable proliferation of think tanks. This proliferation has been propelled by many factors. These include:Growing demand for information and analysis. In an increasingly complex, interdependent and information-rich world, governments and individual policy makers face the common problem of bringing expert knowledge to bear in governmental decision making.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2000Argues that the political underdevelopment that is characteristic of much of the ‘South’ largely results from the ways in which states have been created and political authority shaped through interactions with the wealthier ‘core’ countries in the context of global economic and political systems. Politically underdeveloped states are too independent of their own citizens.DocumentThe Corner House, UK, 2000Deals with the globalisation of corruption. The article suggests that if corruption is growing throughout the world, it is largely a result of the rapid privatisation (and associated practices of contracting-out and concessions) of public enterprises worldwide.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 2001This paper reviews recent research dealing with the relationships between economic growth, income distribution, and poverty. The paper finds that:there is not a systematic pattern of change in income distribution during recent decadesthere is no systematic link from fast growth to increasing inequalityvarious factors have contributed to the process of poverty elimination.DocumentEnvironment Team, IDS Sussex, 2001This literature review explores the range of writings available concerning pastoral conflict in northern Kenya. It argues that that conflict has grown rapidly in Africa in the least three decades, and pastoral areas are among the most vulnerable. For this reason, there is an urgent need for a stocktaking of contemporary analysis of conflict.DocumentEnvironment Team, IDS Sussex, 2001This literature review explores issues relating to education provision to nomadic pastoralists. Pastoralists are often considered to be educational 'failures' (in terms of enrolment, attendance, classroom performance etc). Despite this, pastoralists manifest high levels of specialisation and sophistication within the diverse activities they engage in as pastoralists.DocumentDepartment for International Development, UK, 1997There are two key elements which need to be in place if the fight to eliminate poverty is to succeed. First, a clear set of internationally agreed policies and principles which promote sustainable development and encourage environmental conservation is needed, and second, the political will to address the problems of international development in both poorer and richer countries.