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  • Document

    Land access, off - farm income and capital access in relation to the reduction of rural poverty

    Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998
    The current framework of economic growth and development includes a general trend towards the privatization of land rights and a collapse of collective structures in agriculture as well as a move towards reliance on land markets as the means of peasant access to participation in the development process.
  • Document

    The commitment of a young nation : Eritrea and follow - up to the World Food Summit

    Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997
    One of the youngest nations in the world, Eritrea became officially independent from Ethiopia in 1993 after a debilitating war that lasted more than 30 years. The country is not self-sufficient in cereals, even in the best productive years, and a large part of the population is still vulnerable, with a poor resource base and little purchasing power.
  • Document

    Poverty alleviation : the role of rural institutions and participation

    Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997
    Most approaches to poverty alleviation focus on income and subsidy measures; however, there is a growing realization that these measures alone are not sufficient. The growing amount of literature on the important role that “social capital” and institutions play in the development process indicates that there is a social-institutional dimension as well.
  • Document

    Rising Wealth Inequality and Changing Social Structure in Rural China, 1988-95

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999
    Finds that a new system of social stratification is emerging in rural China as a result of economic reforms, that is far less equal than what preceeded it. As part of this trend, wealth inequality has increased, markedly in a short period of time.
  • Document

    New Product Development for Microfinance: Design, Testing, and Launch

    microLINKS,, 1999
    The document picks up after the MFI has evaluated the feasibility of introducing a new product and is ready to proceed with the development process, which includes design, testing, and product launch.Specifically, this document illustrates how MFIs:Gather the institutional resources and commitment necessary to successfully design, test, and launch the productUndertake preliminary ma
  • Document

    Savings Mobilization Strategies: Lessons From Four Experiences

    Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest, 1998
    Around the world, poor households save in various forms and for various purposes. Although empirical evidence suggests that the poor would deposit if appropriate financial institutions and savings facilities were available, little progress has been made to establish MFIs as full-fledged financial intermediaries.
  • Document

    Format for appraisal of microfinance institutions

    Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest, 1998
    This Appraisal Format facilitates a complete diagnosis of a micro-finance institutions operations - ranging from governance to funding methodology to financial performance. It assumes a high level of participation on the part of MFI staff and management. Although primarily developed by CGAP to guide its own investing, donors and other investors/funders of MFIs have found it useful.
  • Document

    Promoting Education for Girls in Nepal

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1998
    Evaluation of USAID programme.
  • Document

    Promoting Primary Education for Girls in Malawi

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1999
    Evaluation of USAID GABLE programme.
  • Document

    Promoting Primary Education for Girls in Pakistan

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1999
    Evaluation of USAID programme aimed at improving women’s education. Girls’ enrollments more than tripled in Balochistan and more than doubled in North-West Frontier Province. Boys’ education also benefited.

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