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  • Document

    Trade Liberalisation: What 's at Stake ?

    OECD Development Centre, 1992
    Trade barriers seriously distort patterns of international trade, allocation of resources, and economic growth. The total economic costs of the barriers are estimated to exceed $475 billion per annum. Partial reform, such as envisaged in the Uruguay Round, would yield benefits of $195 billion per annum, of which over $90 billion would accrue to developing and formerly centrally planned countries.
  • Document

    Towards Capital Account Convertibility

    OECD Development Centre, 1992
    Advanced developing countries are increasingly encouraged to remove existing capital controls, but mixed experiences with capital account opening caution that reform must be carefully designed to increase efficiency and growth without compromising stability.
  • Document

    Privatisation in Developing Countries: Reflections on a Panacea

    OECD Development Centre, 1992
    Public enterprise privatisation policies have aroused enormous interest during the past decade. The majority of both developed and developing countries, and more recently the countries of Eastern and Central Europe, have launched ambitious programmes for transferring public sector property to the private sector.
  • Document

    Managing the environment in developing countries

    OECD Development Centre, 1992
    Environmental policy should be inspired by the recognition that the environment is everyone’s business; all social actors must be involved in environmental management. Policies that implicitly subsidize a wasteful and environmentally destructive use of resources are pervasive: reforms should command a high priority on economic as well as environmental grounds.
  • Document

    Adjustment and Equity

    OECD Development Centre, 1992
    Adjustment does not necessarily increase poverty.Adjusting before a crisis reduces social costs.Refusal to adjust and the suspension of imports leads to self-centred underdevelopment, which is socially much more costly. The choice of macroeconomic stabilisation measures is important: the same result can be obtained with higher or lower social costs.
  • Document

    Biotechnology and sustainable crop production in Zimbabwe

    OECD Development Centre, 1995
    This case study of Zimbabwe has examined developments in biotechnology against the background of a well-developed national agricultural research, plant breeding and seeds system.
  • Document

    Structural adjustment and Moroccan agriculture: an assessment of the reforms in the sugar and cereal sectors

    OECD Development Centre, 1992
    This paper reviews the process of agricultural policy reforms in Morocco in the 1980's, with particular emphasis on the cereals and sugar sub-sectors.
  • Document

    Checkoffs : new approaches to funding research, development, and conservation programs

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1997
    Shortages of funds are preventing many African institutions from meeting national needs for agricultural research and resource management. Local funds are not sufficient to provide adequate operating budgets and donor funding is both unstable and unlikely to be a long term source of funding for African institutions.
  • Document

    Considerations of wildlife resources and land use in Chad

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1997
    Planning and education are needed on options for numbers of animals. land use in Chad to ensure that development considers the proper use, maintenance, and enhancement of its remaining natural resources, and especially the needs of fish and wildlife populations and their habitats. Chadians traditionally have harvested wildlife and their very rich fisheries to supplement their diets.
  • Document

    Basic guide to using debt conversions

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1997
    What are debt conversions? How can they be used to finance projects? In this guide we will look at how those striving to improve the agriculture and environment of Africa can utilize this funding method to accomplish their goals.Target audiences are: Groups working in agricultural research and in conservation can use debt conversion to increase project funding.

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