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  • Document

    South Africa: encouraging sustainable smallholder agriculture

    Environment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1998
    Concentrates on the black smallholder farming sector. Policy objectives should include:Resource Conserving Technologies: re-orientation away from large scale farmers, consideration of goals other than high input/output (risk management, labour input, gender).
  • Document

    Namibia: encouraging sustainable smallholder agriculture

    Environment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997
    Report recommends agriculture-sector poliy objective of risk reduction, production stability, and the diversification of agricultural and non-agricultural economic opportunities in the rural areas. The most fundamental problem remains, seven years after independence, the lack of a clear policy, administrative structures and legislation dealing with land allocation, tenure and management.
  • Document

    Malawi: Services and policies needed to support sustainable smallholder agriculture

    Environment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997
    Malawi’ s smallholder agriculture is facing a crisis, particularly in the more populated south. There is an insidious combination of land shortage, continuous cultivation of maize, declining soil fertility, low yields, deforestation, poverty and high population growth rate.
  • Document

    Botswana: Encouraging sustainable family sector agriculture

    Environment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997
    Paper concentrates on services and policies needed to support sustainable family sector agriculture in the east of Botswana where the majority of the population and the largest number of resource poor people are concentrated. It does not attempt to look in detail at the needs of the 'Remote Area Dwellers’ although they experience extreme poverty, as this is a specific subject area.
  • Document

    Foreign Aid, Democratisation and Civil Society in Africa: A Study of South Africa, Ghana and Uganda

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1999
    Examines how a range of foreign donors has developed civil society initiatives in Ghana, Uganda and South Africa. All three countries form part of the new generation of African states that are seen as turning their back on decades of authoritarian rule, instead embracing open government and open economies in productive 'partnerships' with the West.
  • Document

    Responding to Global Competitive Pressure: Local Co-operation and Upgrading the the Sinos Valley, Brazil

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1998
    Investigates whether enterprises in the export-oriented Sinos Valley (South of Brazil) have stepped up co-operation in response to intensified global competition in leather footwear. Recent cluster literature suggests that joint action is essential for responding successfully to major challenges.
  • Document

    How Do Bangladeshi Elites Understand Poverty?

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1999
    The poverty of most Bangladeshis is viewed as an important - but not urgent - issue by Bangladesh's elites. They do not feel threatened by the extent of poverty, or by poor people. Some sections of the elite appear to know little about the poor. The poor are instead viewed through a somewhat idealistic lens, as homogenous, deserving objects of traditional elite philanthropy.
  • Document

    China's Unfinished Open-Economy Reforms: Liberalisation of Services

    OECD Development Centre, 1999
    During the 1990s, China has experienced a surge in imports of services, particularly those of communication, insurance and other business services, despite the fact that the authorities have maintained a plethora of restrictive measures limiting access to the service sector.
  • Document

    Participatory Governance: The Missing Link for Poverty Reduction

    OECD Development Centre, 1999
    Empowerment of the poor is one ingredient in effective poverty reduction. A demand-driven participatory approach enhances effectiveness and efficiency. Accountability is the central lever for participatory governance. Capacity building is necessary for making participatory governance a reality.
  • Document

    After the Great Asian Slump: towards a coherent approach to global capital Flows

    OECD Development Centre, 1999
    The unprecedented withdrawal of foreign private capital from Asia, more than 10 per cent of GDP in the crisis countries, confronts them with a transfer problem.

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