Showing 57291-57300 of 63600 results
- DocumentWorld Development Report, World Bank, 2002This year's WDR looks at how to manage the substantial growth in output and productivity which is predicted for developing countries in the next 50 years.The problem:Key change processes are technological innovation, income growth, demographic change and urban transitions.DocumentPastoral Development Network, ODI, 2001This document argues that the pastoral economic system is under increasing threat due to a series of factors such as:the increasing globalisation of the trade in livestock products unpredictable import policiesa growing trend for governments to declare large regions protected areas leaving pastoralists marginalised from their own landsThe paper states that the future of pDocumentOxfam, 2002Guide for Oxfam staff and for other organisations concerned with influencing and monitoring national policy making in developing countries to the benefit of the poor.The report: offers a background and introduction to the increasing opportunities for civil society to participate in policy formulation and implementation in low income countries, and in particular the new opportunities cDocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001There is considerable evidence that a significant cause of bad governance, especially in poorer countries, is that states are financed not from the 'earned income' that they derive from taxing their citizens, but rather from the 'unearned income' derived either from large mineral resources or, less significantly, large aid inflows.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001There is growing interest in the idea that bad governance often results when states are financed not from taxing their citizens, but from 'unearned income' derived either from large mineral resources or, less significantly, large aid inflows.The arguments are summarized in Moore (2001).DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001It is widely accepted that conventional electoral democracy lacks much of the essence of 'genuine' democratic governance. Citizens hand over decision-making power to a handful of elected representatives, and are rarely engaged in debating and understanding the choices that those representatives make.There is no shortage of normative models of more engaged, participatory governance.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001Political parties are institutionalised when they have an organization that is separate from the personal links of their leaders, and when their elected members form a distinct and coherent group in the legislature. The level of institutionalisation is low in many poor countries. This is an obstacle to effective electoral democracy.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2002The municipal authorities of Beijing and Shanghai have each sought to promote a range of industrial activities, including information technology (IT) and automobile manufacturing. Beijing has been successful in IT and not in automobiles; and Shanghai in automobiles and not IT.DocumentGapresearch.org, IDS, 2002Looks at the governance structure of the Bank, the evolution of the share position and voting rights of member countries and at how countries are represented through constituencies and on the Bank Board.It also looks at the relationship of the Bank with the other Multilateral Development Banks and the IMF, and compares the governance structures of the various institutions.It concludes by oDocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2002There are growing concerns that globalisation undermines the capacity of states to regulate the environmental impact of firms' activities. Conflicting claims have been made about the emergence of 'pollution havens.' Is there a 'race-to-the-bottom', as governments drop environmental standards as they compete to attract mobile investors?