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  • Document

    The Development of Virtual Education: A global perspective

    Commonwealth of Learning, 1999
    The term "virtual education" is something that is heard with increasing frequency now as the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) becomes ever more present in the conduct of open and distance education.
  • Document

    Towards a better Financial Architecture

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1999
    Discusses the latest developments related to the International Financial Architecture, underlining the gaps to be filled. New proposals concerning the disclosure of additional information on financial markets to developing countries and the implementation of better regulations at an international and national level are being discussed.
  • Document

    An Assessment of Data on ODA Financial Flows in the Forest Sector

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    Presents information gathered on international ODA flows in the forestry sectorLevels of new ODA commitments appear to have risen over the late 1980's, reaching their highest levels in real terms in the 1990-2 period (in excess of 2 billion US dollars, 1996 prices), and subsequently fallen to lower levels.
  • Document

    Forests in global warming

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Reviews the causes of deforestation, focusing on the market distortions which hide the real economic value of forests. These include taxation polciy, uncertain property rights and population growth. Adressing such issues at the nationnal level provides a basis for national and international agreements on combatting climate change through carbon storage programmes.
  • Document

    Social and Economic Policies to Prevent Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: Lessons from Experience

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999
    Reviews experinces of causes and reponses to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs).Considers root causes to be: horizontal inequality between different social groupscrises in state legitimacy worsening economic conditionsexternal shocks environmental conditionsRecommended preventitive policy actions include: group inclusive policiesexpansion of e
  • Document

    Provision of Health Care and Education in Transitional Asia: Key Issues and Lessons from Vietnam

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Examines the impact of the transition to a market economy on health and education outcomes in transitional Asia, with particular focus on the case of Vietnam.
  • Document

    State-Owned versus Township and Village Enterprises in China

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Presents an up-to-date survey of the comparison issue between state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and township and village enterprises (TVEs) in China.
  • Document

    Unemployment, Labour Policies and Health in Transition: Evidence from Kazakhstan

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    A sharp rise in unemployment and a sharp rise in mortality have been two recurrent aspects of the process of transition. In response to the unemployment challenge transitional economies have equipped themselves with labour market policies (LMPs) derived from market economies' experiences.
  • Document

    Information technology and economic development: an introduction to the research issues

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Reviews evidence for economic impact of information technology adoption in North, and relevance the South. Suggests research prioritiesThere is substantial evidence that new information technologies are in many ways transforming the operations of modern economies. More than half of employees use a computer at work in the most advanced industrial countries.
  • Document

    Costa Rica: Policies and Conditions for Export Diversification

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Over the last thirty-five years, Costa Rican exports (in dollars) have grown at an average annual growth rate of 10.8 per cent. In the context of an import substituting industrialization and subregional integration, exports grew at increasingly higher rates through the sixties and seventies; but the severe external debt crisis in the early eighties led to export stagnation.

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