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  • Document

    Trade Liberalisation and Poverty

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    Increasing international flows of trade and capital are too often seen as a major cause of widening gaps in living standards between populations in the North and the South or within these regions.
  • Document

    Social funds in stabilization and adjustment programmes

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999
    Social Funds (SFs) have proven to be no panacea.
  • Document

    Economic Theories of the Household: A Critical Review

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999
    The aim of this paper is to review the principal assumptions and aspects of the unitary household model and collective models of household behaviour. Empirical studies are presented to assess whether the theories can offer adequate descriptions of household behaviour and to examine the types of policy implications that can be drawn from these.
  • Document

    Global science, global policy: local to global policy processes for soils management in Africa

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 2000
    The creation and selling of ideas of global environmental crisis has been a core characteristic of the post-Rio decade. Global science and global policymaking processes are central to these crises. However, framings of global environmental problems – the knowledge claims and interests that underpin them, and the plans that flow from them – are often accepted without critical examination.
  • Document

    Participatory environmental policy processes: experiences from North and South

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 2000
    There is a growing recognition across the world that citizens should play a role in informing and shaping environmental policy. But how should this be done?This paper explores one route, where opportunities ‘from above’ are created, often, but not exclusively so, by the state, often through local government policy and planning processes.
  • Document

    Building a Results Framework

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 2000
    The strategic planning process begins with building a results frame-work (RF). This short guide discusses key steps involved in developing an RF.
  • Document

    Monitoring the Policy Reform Process

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 2000
    The discussion and examples in this paper are organized around the issues and challenges that USAID’s development professionals and their clients/partners face when designing and implementing systems to monitor the policy reform process.
  • Document

    Sustaining Trade and Exchange Rate Reform in Africa: Lessons for Macroeconomic Management

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 2000
    Over the past two decades, most African countries have attempted to promote trade and exchange rate reform as part of broader programs of structural adjustment. Few countries have sustained the reforms. Many potentially beneficial policy changes have unraveled.This paper discusses how trade and exchange rate reforms are indirectly undermined. These occur in several ways.
  • Document

    Early warning primer: an overview of monitoring and reporting

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 2000
    Aim is to help eearly warning analysts to understand:Key early warning concepts, tools and methodsData and information collection and management activitiesHow to do the routine monitoring and assessment activitiesSome fundamentals on how to do reportingUseful reporting formatsThe manual is divided inot six chapters, with each chapter describing and guiding the reade
  • Document

    Children on the brink : updated estimates & recommendations for intervention [HIV/AIDS impacts on children]

    Development Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 2000
    This executive summary of the report includes: new orphan estimates for 34 countries; a description of what children, families, and communities are doing to address their growing orphan problems; strategies for intervention that have been adopted; and a new strategic agenda to guide coherent action by the world communityAIDS has transformed large-scale orphaning, historically a sporadic, short

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