Showing 57321-57330 of 63626 results
- DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001There is growing interest in the idea that bad governance often results when states are financed not from taxing their citizens, but from 'unearned income' derived either from large mineral resources or, less significantly, large aid inflows.The arguments are summarized in Moore (2001).DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001It is widely accepted that conventional electoral democracy lacks much of the essence of 'genuine' democratic governance. Citizens hand over decision-making power to a handful of elected representatives, and are rarely engaged in debating and understanding the choices that those representatives make.There is no shortage of normative models of more engaged, participatory governance.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2001Political parties are institutionalised when they have an organization that is separate from the personal links of their leaders, and when their elected members form a distinct and coherent group in the legislature. The level of institutionalisation is low in many poor countries. This is an obstacle to effective electoral democracy.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2002The municipal authorities of Beijing and Shanghai have each sought to promote a range of industrial activities, including information technology (IT) and automobile manufacturing. Beijing has been successful in IT and not in automobiles; and Shanghai in automobiles and not IT.DocumentGapresearch.org, IDS, 2002Looks at the governance structure of the Bank, the evolution of the share position and voting rights of member countries and at how countries are represented through constituencies and on the Bank Board.It also looks at the relationship of the Bank with the other Multilateral Development Banks and the IMF, and compares the governance structures of the various institutions.It concludes by oDocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2002There are growing concerns that globalisation undermines the capacity of states to regulate the environmental impact of firms' activities. Conflicting claims have been made about the emergence of 'pollution havens.' Is there a 'race-to-the-bottom', as governments drop environmental standards as they compete to attract mobile investors?DocumentSouthern African Regional Poverty Network, 2001Explores the issue of poverty measurement in selected countries in the Southern African region, considering data availability, data requirements and the capacity of statistical bodies to collect and analyse information. The discussion is arranged by country and institution.Concludes that:The availability and quality of poverty data varies considerably across Southern African countries.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2002A recent review has focused on how authority and control are exercised within civil society institutions and between civil society and the state.DocumentGovernance and Development Review, IDS, 2002Brazil and South Africa have much in common. In particular, they are both large middle income countries with very high levels of income inequality where whites historically have dominated over blacks.They differ markedly in terms of the significance of income tax. Relatively little income tax is collected in Brazil (4% of GDP).DocumentGlobal March Against Child Labour, 2002Concept paper for the Fifth Africa Governance Forum Maputo, Mozambique, 23-25 May 2002The paper argues for decentralization as an important first step in creating regular, predictable opportunities for citizen-state interaction, despite its limited application and success record in Africa.