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  • Document

    Natural resource wealth is bad for democracy

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2001
    There is growing interest in the idea that bad governance often results when states are financed not from taxing their citizens, but from 'unearned income' derived either from large mineral resources or, less significantly, large aid inflows.The arguments are summarized in Moore (2001).
  • Document

    When is deliberative democracy possible?

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2001
    It is widely accepted that conventional electoral democracy lacks much of the essence of 'genuine' democratic governance. Citizens hand over decision-making power to a handful of elected representatives, and are rarely engaged in debating and understanding the choices that those representatives make.There is no shortage of normative models of more engaged, participatory governance.
  • Document

    Elites oppose the development of political parties [in Russia]

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2001
    Political parties are institutionalised when they have an organization that is separate from the personal links of their leaders, and when their elected members form a distinct and coherent group in the legislature. The level of institutionalisation is low in many poor countries. This is an obstacle to effective electoral democracy.
  • Document

    Local developmental states: who can promote what kind of industry?

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2002
    The municipal authorities of Beijing and Shanghai have each sought to promote a range of industrial activities, including information technology (IT) and automobile manufacturing. Beijing has been successful in IT and not in automobiles; and Shanghai in automobiles and not IT.
  • Document

    Governance of the World Bank

    Gapresearch.org, IDS, 2002
    Looks at the governance structure of the Bank, the evolution of the share position and voting rights of member countries and at how countries are represented through constituencies and on the Bank Board.It also looks at the relationship of the Bank with the other Multilateral Development Banks and the IMF, and compares the governance structures of the various institutions.It concludes by o
  • Document

    Why do firms improve their environmental performance?

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2002
    There are growing concerns that globalisation undermines the capacity of states to regulate the environmental impact of firms' activities. Conflicting claims have been made about the emergence of 'pollution havens.' Is there a 'race-to-the-bottom', as governments drop environmental standards as they compete to attract mobile investors?
  • Document

    Regional poverty information and its measurement

    Southern African Regional Poverty Network, 2001
    Explores the issue of poverty measurement in selected countries in the Southern African region, considering data availability, data requirements and the capacity of statistical bodies to collect and analyse information. The discussion is arranged by country and institution.Concludes that:The availability and quality of poverty data varies considerably across Southern African countries.
  • Document

    Limitations of grassroot organisations

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2002
    A recent review has focused on how authority and control are exercised within civil society institutions and between civil society and the state.
  • Document

    When do the rich willingly pay income tax?

    Governance and Development Review, IDS, 2002
    Brazil and South Africa have much in common. In particular, they are both large middle income countries with very high levels of income inequality where whites historically have dominated over blacks.They differ markedly in terms of the significance of income tax. Relatively little income tax is collected in Brazil (4% of GDP).
  • Document

    Local governance for poverty reduction in Africa

    Global March Against Child Labour, 2002
    Concept paper for the Fifth Africa Governance Forum Maputo, Mozambique, 23-25 May 2002The paper argues for decentralization as an important first step in creating regular, predictable opportunities for citizen-state interaction, despite its limited application and success record in Africa.

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