Showing 57331-57340 of 57823 results
- DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Rangelands are geographical regions dominated by grass and grass-like species with or without scattered woody plants, occupying between 18-23% of world land area excluding Antarctica.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Review identifies key concepts for the description of the policy making process, and identifies a 21 point check-list of the events most likely to make policy-decisions happen.The key argument of the paper is that a ‘linear model’ of policy-making, characterised by objective analysis of options and separation of policy from implementation, is inadequate.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Process documentation and monitoring (PDR) raises a number of controversial issues relating to how the interaction between power, information generation and knowledge is manifested. PDR relies for its success on a willingness to put sometimes sensitive information in the public domain.Document
IFPRI and the abolition of the wheat flour ration shops in Pakistan: a case-study on policymaking and the use and impact of researchInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Assesses the impact of research on the decision to abolish a long-term corrupt system of wheat rationing in Pakistan.Lessons learned include:"Useful " research exhibits certain key characteristics: research dealt with a high priority issue; research conformed to policymakers' expectations; research findings were consistent with previous research; research provided needed quantitativeDocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Addresses two questions. The first is “What are the benefits of social science research?”; the second is “How should they be measured?” The response to the first is that, as with research in the physical sciences, the benefits should be identified in terms of changes in economic surplus for different groups.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Addresses the problem of how to measure the benefits of policy-oriented social science research. It argues that social science research promotes economic efficiency in three different ways—it fosters efficiency in the public sector both directly and through effects on the general public, and it increases the efficiency of the private sector.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998What are the “returns” to policy-oriented research in the social sciences? One presumes that the positive net benefits to society, or at least a certain segment of society, would be treated as returns, but how does one determine what these benefits are?DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Discussion of method and models for evaluating impacts of economic researchEconomic research generates a wide array of benefits. These include information, technological change, and improved policy. There are few quantitative studies of the benefits of economic research, and some benefits may be misattributed to biological and physical research.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Analysis of the economic impact of IFPRI research on the rice policy and marketing in Vietnam between 1995-1997.The research is described, and the conclusions and recommendations that emerged are discussed in the context of the decisionmaking processes in Viet Nam.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Policy research is valuable as a source of information for decisionmakers. The value of research is the expected social gain from policy decisions influenced by the information generated. The gain from a decision depends on choosing the best policy given the state of the world, which is uncertain. The output of policy research is a conclusion about that state.