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- DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The ultimately disappointing results of past redistributive reforms caused contemporary policy-makers in Latin America to search for alternatives. In recent years, the issue of transforming tenure structure through the market mechanism has moved into the spotlight. This paper argues that it is extremely helpful to approach the topic from an institutional perspective.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The current framework of economic growth and development includes a general trend towards the privatization of land rights and a collapse of collective structures in agriculture as well as a move towards reliance on land markets as the means of peasant access to participation in the development process.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997One of the youngest nations in the world, Eritrea became officially independent from Ethiopia in 1993 after a debilitating war that lasted more than 30 years. The country is not self-sufficient in cereals, even in the best productive years, and a large part of the population is still vulnerable, with a poor resource base and little purchasing power.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Most approaches to poverty alleviation focus on income and subsidy measures; however, there is a growing realization that these measures alone are not sufficient. The growing amount of literature on the important role that “social capital” and institutions play in the development process indicates that there is a social-institutional dimension as well.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Finds that a new system of social stratification is emerging in rural China as a result of economic reforms, that is far less equal than what preceeded it. As part of this trend, wealth inequality has increased, markedly in a short period of time.DocumentmicroLINKS,, 1999The document picks up after the MFI has evaluated the feasibility of introducing a new product and is ready to proceed with the development process, which includes design, testing, and product launch.Specifically, this document illustrates how MFIs:Gather the institutional resources and commitment necessary to successfully design, test, and launch the productUndertake preliminary maDocumentConsultative Group to Assist the Poorest, 1998Around the world, poor households save in various forms and for various purposes. Although empirical evidence suggests that the poor would deposit if appropriate financial institutions and savings facilities were available, little progress has been made to establish MFIs as full-fledged financial intermediaries.DocumentConsultative Group to Assist the Poorest, 1998This Appraisal Format facilitates a complete diagnosis of a micro-finance institutions operations - ranging from governance to funding methodology to financial performance. It assumes a high level of participation on the part of MFI staff and management. Although primarily developed by CGAP to guide its own investing, donors and other investors/funders of MFIs have found it useful.DocumentDevelopment Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1998Evaluation of USAID programme.