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  • Document

    Agriculture in Developing Countries and the WTO

    Solagral, 2002
    A collection of 11 papers from Solagral covering a range of issues relating to WTO and bilateral agreements on trade of agricultural products between developed and developing countries up to, but not including, the Doha Ministerial.
  • Document

    Making markets work for forest communities

    Future Harvest, 2002
    Policy briefing which argues that there is an inextricable link between the futures of the world’s forests and millions of the world’s poorest people and lays out strategies to improve the contributions of forest markets to local livelihoods.The report describes several opportunities for local forest producers:Developing countries' domestic wood demand is growing more rapidly than that
  • Document

    Developing countries and international IP standard-setting

    Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, 2002
    The report examines the extent to which developing countries influence outcomes in the international intellectual property standard-setting process. To achieve this the author uses the analytical framework developed by Braithwaite and Drahos in Global Business Regulation (GBR). It concludes that developing countries have comparatively little influence.
  • Document

    Access to genetic resources, gene-based inventions and agriculture: study paper 3a

    Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, 2002
    Background briefing covering 4 issues areas relating to intellectual property rights and plant genetic resources and making recommendations for future policy making. The issues and recommendations are as follows:1.
  • Document

    Access to genetic resources, gene-based inventions and agriculture: study paper 3b

    Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, 2002
    This report addresses policy options for developing countries in implementing legislation dealing with plant variety rights, farmers’ rights and bioprospecting in the context of the following key issues: The link between Article 27.3(b) of TRIPS and development - The concerns of developing countries over the tension between the development and technology transfer objectives of the TRIPS A
  • Document

    WTO TRIPS agreement and its implications for access to medicines in developing countries

    Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, 2002
    This detailed issue briefing examines TRIPS in light of the Doha Declaration which mandates that TRIPS be interpreted in a manner that supports public health interests and promotes access to medicines.The study accepts the consensus of experts that developing countries should make use of policy options such as compulsory licensing and parallel importation to increase the supply of low-price med
  • Document

    Grants: a better way to deliver aid

    International Financial Institution Advisory Commission, US Congress (Meltzer Commission), 2002
    The World Bank should move toward providing international development aid in the form of performance-based grants instead of loans. Performance-based grants would cost the same as traditional loans but they would deliver more benefits to the global poor.
  • Document

    Using innovative action to meet global health needs through existing intellectual property regimes

    Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, 2002
    This report investigates the literature and on-going political debates surrounding two issues. The first of these is the link between intellectual property rights (IPRs) and research and development (R&D), especially in diseases prevalent predominately in the developing world (henceforth, neglected diseases).
  • Document

    Gender, pastoralism, and intensification: changing environmental resource use in Morocco

    Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 1998
    Through a study of the sedentarization of the Beni Guil pastoral nomads of eastern Morocco,this paper examines how gender interacts with environmental and socio-economic change.
  • Document

    Kazakh nomads, rangeland policy, and the environment in Altay: insights from new range ecology

    Department of Applied and International Economics, Massey University, 2001
    This paper considers the degree of environmental variability in an extensive pastoral area of Altay, northern Xinjiang (China); assesses the extent to which institutional arrangements are able to accommodate environmental variability, and discusses the implications of this for rangeland policy.The article finds that:there is some inter-temporal variation in rangeland productivity (in pa

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