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- DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Recent literature on industrial districts and enterprise clusters suggests that the grouping of enterprises into sectoral and geographic clusters gives rise to a certain collective efficiency that can enhance competitiveness and foster industrialisation.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Looks into the causes and the economic and social implications of the East Asian currency crisis. It discusses various approaches to policy design for crisis prevention and better crisis management.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998A complete and updated series on poverty measures for India is presented spanning the period 1951–1994. The series are presented at the all-India level as well as for 15 major states, and for rural and urban sectors separately. Key features of the evolution of poverty in India are described.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1998The UK has long played a leading role in natural resources research - but can it meet the poverty eradication objective of the 1997 White Paper on international development? Drawing on the capital assets framework, this paper examines how agricultural and natural resources research can impact on poverty, and what policy instruments can support pro-poor impacts.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999The last decade has witnessed an explosion in the use of Participatory Rural Appraisal methods. Some advocates of the approach have even claimed that PRA represents a 'new scientific paradigm'. This paper examines these claims, highlighting influences from post-modern philosophy and exploring the social theory underlying the proposed paradigm.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Rangelands are geographical regions dominated by grass and grass-like species with or without scattered woody plants, occupying between 18-23% of world land area excluding Antarctica.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Review identifies key concepts for the description of the policy making process, and identifies a 21 point check-list of the events most likely to make policy-decisions happen.The key argument of the paper is that a ‘linear model’ of policy-making, characterised by objective analysis of options and separation of policy from implementation, is inadequate.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Process documentation and monitoring (PDR) raises a number of controversial issues relating to how the interaction between power, information generation and knowledge is manifested. PDR relies for its success on a willingness to put sometimes sensitive information in the public domain.Document
IFPRI and the abolition of the wheat flour ration shops in Pakistan: a case-study on policymaking and the use and impact of researchInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Assesses the impact of research on the decision to abolish a long-term corrupt system of wheat rationing in Pakistan.Lessons learned include:"Useful " research exhibits certain key characteristics: research dealt with a high priority issue; research conformed to policymakers' expectations; research findings were consistent with previous research; research provided needed quantitativeDocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Addresses two questions. The first is “What are the benefits of social science research?”; the second is “How should they be measured?” The response to the first is that, as with research in the physical sciences, the benefits should be identified in terms of changes in economic surplus for different groups.