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  • Document

    Enterprise Clusters in Africa: On the Way to Industrialisation?

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1998
    Recent literature on industrial districts and enterprise clusters suggests that the grouping of enterprises into sectoral and geographic clusters gives rise to a certain collective efficiency that can enhance competitiveness and foster industrialisation.
  • Document

    The East Asian Financial Crisis: A Reflection on its Causes, Consequences and Policy Implications

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1998
    Looks into the causes and the economic and social implications of the East Asian currency crisis. It discusses various approaches to policy design for crisis prevention and better crisis management.
  • Document

    Poverty in India and Indian States: An Update

    International Food Policy Research Institute, 1998
    A complete and updated series on poverty measures for India is presented spanning the period 1951–1994. The series are presented at the all-India level as well as for 15 major states, and for rural and urban sectors separately. Key features of the evolution of poverty in India are described.
  • Document

    Reaching the poor? Developing a Poverty Screen for Agricultural Research Proposals

    Overseas Development Institute, 1998
    The UK has long played a leading role in natural resources research - but can it meet the poverty eradication objective of the 1997 White Paper on international development? Drawing on the capital assets framework, this paper examines how agricultural and natural resources research can impact on poverty, and what policy instruments can support pro-poor impacts.
  • Document

    Relativism in Agricultural Research and Development: Is Participation a Post-Modern Concept?

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    The last decade has witnessed an explosion in the use of Participatory Rural Appraisal methods. Some advocates of the approach have even claimed that PRA represents a 'new scientific paradigm'. This paper examines these claims, highlighting influences from post-modern philosophy and exploring the social theory underlying the proposed paradigm.
  • Document

    Understanding rangeland biodiversity

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    Rangelands are geographical regions dominated by grass and grass-like species with or without scattered woody plants, occupying between 18-23% of world land area excluding Antarctica.
  • Document

    The policy process: an overview

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    Review identifies key concepts for the description of the policy making process, and identifies a 21 point check-list of the events most likely to make policy-decisions happen.The key argument of the paper is that a ‘linear model’ of policy-making, characterised by objective analysis of options and separation of policy from implementation, is inadequate.
  • Document

    Information and Power: Implications for Process Monitoring: A Review of the Literature

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    Process documentation and monitoring (PDR) raises a number of controversial issues relating to how the interaction between power, information generation and knowledge is manifested. PDR relies for its success on a willingness to put sometimes sensitive information in the public domain.
  • Document

    IFPRI and the abolition of the wheat flour ration shops in Pakistan: a case-study on policymaking and the use and impact of research

    International Food Policy Research Institute, 1998
    Assesses the impact of research on the decision to abolish a long-term corrupt system of wheat rationing in Pakistan.Lessons learned include:"Useful " research exhibits certain key characteristics: research dealt with a high priority issue; research conformed to policymakers' expectations; research findings were consistent with previous research; research provided needed quantitative
  • Document

    Measuring the benefits of social science research

    International Food Policy Research Institute, 1998
    Addresses two questions. The first is “What are the benefits of social science research?”; the second is “How should they be measured?” The response to the first is that, as with research in the physical sciences, the benefits should be identified in terms of changes in economic surplus for different groups.

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