Showing 57531-57540 of 63638 results
- DocumentBritish Medical Journal, 2002Reviews the evidence for the economic impacts of AIDS in Africa and considers how economic theory can contribute to an effective response to the pandemic.Argues that: Economic research helps to estimate the effects of HIV/AIDS on the African economy and the cost effectiveness of prevention and treatment programmesEconomic theory predicts that HIV/AIDS reduces labour supply and prodDocumentBritish Medical Journal, 2002Short paper argues that an effective, affordable, and accessible HIV vaccine is within reach . Equitable public-private partnerships between researchers, manufacturers, and distributors and partnerships between rich and poor countries are the best strategy for the development of the vaccine.DocumentBritish Medical Journal, 2002The first trial of a candidate HIV-1 vaccine in Africa was completed in Uganda in 2001. It involved a randomised, placebo controlled trial of a vaccine in healthy volunteers at low risk of HIV infection.DocumentCommission on Macroeconomics and Health, WHO, 2001The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Debt Initiative is the first international effort to reduce the external debt of the world’s poorest, most heavily indebted countries, and represents an important step forward in placing debt relief within an overall framework of poverty reduction.Document
The evidence base for interventions to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality in Low and Middle-Income countriesCommission on Macroeconomics and Health, WHO, 2001Reviews the scale of maternal and neonatal mortality and serious morbidity in low and middle income countries, and the factors that account for the huge discrepancies in the rates of these poor outcomes compared with high income countries.DocumentCommission on Macroeconomics and Health, WHO, 2001With more than 2,400 million people at risk from malaria, the Roll Back Malaria Initiative aims to half the burden of the disease by 2010, but what is the malaria burden, and how can it be overcome?DocumentCommission on Macroeconomics and Health, WHO, 2001In order to identify best strategies for HIV/AIDS control in two different countries, India and Botswana, the authors developed a dynamic compartmental simulation model.Several interventions were considered: a sex worker (CSW) focussed behavioural interventiona Mwanza-style conventional STI (sexually transmitted infections) treatment programmeA mother-to-child transmission prevDocumentForestry Department, FAO, 2001The report compiles country profiles for all African countries as well as regional and sub regional aggregations. The country profiles show that statistical information on non wood forest products (NWFP) at national level is scarce and unreliable.DocumentGroup of 8 Information Centre, 2000Uncontroversial asessment of the actions taken by G8 countries. Useful primarily as a catalogue of the new projects - and to a lesser degree policy initiatives - which have arisen as a result of this programme.Principle areas of activity can be loosely grouped as:monitoring and assessmentprotected areascorporate / private sector responsibilities illegal loggingDocumentPolicy and Environment Programme, ODI, 2002Collection of ten papers looking at the impacts and issues arising from fuelwood use. Also case studies from a number of countries covering forest energy strategies and the development of alternatives.The papers included are as follows:Factors affecting fuelwood use in Taita, Kenya.Fleuret, A. 1983 Fuelwood use in Zanzibar town.