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  • Document

    Peace-making in the new world disorder: a study of the Afghan conflict and attempts to resolve it

    Institute for Development Policy and Management, Manchester, 2001
    This paper aims to contribute to an improved understanding of 1) the dynamics of the Afghan conflict 2) the interests and agendas of those involved in the fighting 3) the social and political transformation that has occurred in Afghanistan during the war 4) the ways the international community has attempted to resolve the conflict.
  • Document

    Kyrgyzstan at ten: trouble in the "island of democracy"

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    For most of the decade since it gained independence, Kyrgyzstan has been described as an island of democracy and stability in Central Asia.
  • Document

    Central Asia: Uzbekistan at ten: repression and instability

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    This article suggests that the mounting instability in Uzbekistan is caused by a failure to embrace real political or economic reform.
  • Document

    Central Asian perspectives on 11 September and the Afghan crisis

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    This article dicusses the impact of the military effort on Afghanistan on the five Central Asian nations (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan).The article indicates that:Central Asian countries are resisting what they perceive as their own islamic threattwo decades of conflict in Afghanistan have already had a major impact on Central Asia.
  • Document

    The State of The World's Refugees 2000

    United Nations [UN] High Commission for Refugees, 2000
    UNHCR's special 50th anniversary edition report looks at five decades of humanitarian action.
  • Document

    Understanding the poverty business interface: experiences from Tanzania

    Resource Centre for the Social Dimensions of Business Practice, UK, 2001
    Uses case studies of five businesses operating in Tanzania explore the poverty business interface.Key lessons include:The core business activities of a successful business can have a positive impact on poverty through the creation of employment, through employment benefits such as medical provision for employees and their families, and through the supply of products and services tailore
  • Document

    Value chains

    Resource Centre for the Social Dimensions of Business Practice, UK, 2001
    Looks at the nature and significance of value chains and supply linkages within the agricultural sector, and the importance for poverty reduction of ensuring equity within these.Key lessons emerging from experience include:There is a clear need to go beyond good social performance to have an effectively functioning value chainBuilding networks and creating trust along the supply cha
  • Document

    Measuring the impacts of business and poverty

    Resource Centre for the Social Dimensions of Business Practice, UK, 2001
    Report from a discussion, workshop and Tanzania case study. Emerging finding include: The major impact of poverty on business is the way it limits the size of the market for goods and services. Prahalad and Hart talk of ‘transforming the poor into active consumers to participate in and contribute to the sustainable growth of the global market’.
  • Document

    Land, people and forests in Eastern and Southern Africa: a study of the impact of land relations upon community involvement in forest future

    Land Rights in Africa, Oxfam, 2000
    Examines the relationship of people’s rights in land to the manner in which they may be involved in the management of forests in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Mozambique, Lesotho and to a lesser degree Botswana and Swaziland.Includes examination of property relations, state power, land reform, recognition of customary rights, the changing nature o
  • Document

    Securing customary land tenure in Africa: alternative approaches to the local recording and registration of land rights: report of workshop held at IIED

    Land Rights in Africa, Oxfam, 2000
    Series of papers on land tenure issues including: Piloting local administration of records in Ekuthuleni, KwaZulu-Natal, by Donna Hornby (AFRA, South Africa)Ivory Coast’s Plan Foncier Rural: lessons from a pilot project to register customary rights, by Camilla Toulmin (IIED) Customary land identification and recording in Mozambique, by Chris Tanner Supporting local rights:

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