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  • Document

    Does inflation targeting make a difference?

    Banco Central de Chile / Central Bank of Chile, 2001
    This document examines some of the successful results experienced by Inflation Targetters (ITers) in meeting their inflation targets (ITs) in the light of the following seven questions: how successful have countries been in reducing inflation?how costly has disinflation been under IT?does IT improve the ability to predict inflation?does the behaviour of the macroeconomy change
  • Document

    Geography, economic policy and regional development in China

    Center for International Development, Harvard University, 2001
    This article investigates the effects of geography and policy on provincial growth rates in 1996–99 in China.The article finds that:coastal metropolises experienced far greater growth than the province-level metropolisescoastal provinces are subject to preferential policies which are largely deregulation policies that allowed coastal Chinese provinces to integrate into the internati
  • Document

    Elections, electoral competitiveness, and political budget cycles in developing countries

    Center for International Development, Harvard University, 2001
    This paper presents the first cross-country evidence of electorally-motivated changes in the composition of public expenditures in developing countries.The results show that:election-year public expenditures shift towards more visible current consumption and away from public investment goodsthese effects are contingent on elections being competitive, and that in competitive systems
  • Document

    Global competitiveness report 2001-2002

    Center for International Development, Harvard University, 2001
    The Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) focuses on two distinct but complementary approaches to the analysis of economic competitiveness:The Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI) focuses on global competitiveness as a 'set on institutions and economic policies supportive of high rates of economic growth in the medium term'.
  • Document

    A decade lost and found: Mexico and Chile in the 1980s

    Banco Central de Chile / Central Bank of Chile, 2001
    This paper analyzes four possible explanations for the reasons why Chile recovered much faster from the severe economic crises in the early 1980s than did Mexico.
  • Document

    Performance-based payment to improve the impact of health services: evidence from Haiti

    Flagship Programme on Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing, World Bank, 2001
    This article emphasises that holding health institutions accountable for achieving explicitly defined results by linking reimbursement to results can be a powerful strategy to improve health system performance.The article finds that in Haiti, USAID introduced performance-based payment as the mechanism to pay nongovernmental organizations after a population-based survey identified poor performa
  • Document

    One decade of inflation targeting in the world: what do we know and what do we need to know?

    Banco Central de Chile / Central Bank of Chile, 2001
    This paper provides a brief review of the main design features of 18 inflation targeting experiences in industrial and emerging economies and gives a statistical analysis as to whether countries under inflation targeting are structurally different from noninflation targeting industrial countries.The paper also addresses: existing evidence about the success of inflation targetingthe
  • Document

    Banking, financial integration, and international crises: an overview

    Banco Central de Chile / Central Bank of Chile, 2001
    This document offers a summary of new research on the relationship among institutions, financial development, economic growth, financial integration, and the likelihood of boom-bust cycles and banking crises. The paper shows that it is becoming increasingly difficult and costly for emerging market economies to oppose international financial integration.
  • Document

    Consumption and trade in off-patented medicines

    Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, 2001
    Access to non-patented drugs in developing countries is inadequate.
  • Document

    A review of the effectiveness of developing country participation in the Climate Change Convention negotiations

    Overseas Development Institute, 2001
    There is an enormous range of views and interests among developing countries (from the small and vulnerable countries in the AOSIS group to larger emitting countries like China and India, and the OPEC group which opposes climate change abatement based on fossil fuel reduction), just as there are major differences between developed country blocks.

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