Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food
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- DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999Empowerment of the poor is one ingredient in effective poverty reduction. A demand-driven participatory approach enhances effectiveness and efficiency. Accountability is the central lever for participatory governance. Capacity building is necessary for making participatory governance a reality.DocumentInternational Institute for Environment and Development, 1998Aims to estimate the annual direct use value of an average hectare of the communal rangeland in Botswana, based on an anlalysis of secondary data. Exercise incorporates the three major direft uses, both marketed and non-marketed, of rangelands: livestock, wildlife and gatheringDocumentFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1999FAO has warned that the whole of the food chain - from seed supplies through to distribution networks and market information systems - is vulnerable to the Y2K problemEven small farmers who till their fields with ox-drawn ploughs probably rely on supplies produced in high-tech factories and transported thousands of kilometres over computer-controlled transportation networks.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Conventional poverty profiles and poverty status regressions are often criticised by policy makers for telling them a lot about who the poor are, but very little about what to do to combat poverty. Essentially this is because the correlates of poverty status are distinct from the dynamic processes that lead households to fall into or escape from poverty.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Brief summary of FAO’s experience in agrarian reform and the most relevant activities of the current programme related to this field. It argues that the type of agrarian reform that considers the redistribution of land from the rich to the poor either through confiscation or through pre-emptive buyouts belongs to the past.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Although world food and agricultural production, based on current trends, should be sufficient to meet demand in the decades ahead, the world still faces a serious food crisis that is as dangerous and life-threatening for millions of poor people today as in the past.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Presents information gathered on international ODA flows in the forestry sectorLevels of new ODA commitments appear to have risen over the late 1980's, reaching their highest levels in real terms in the 1990-2 period (in excess of 2 billion US dollars, 1996 prices), and subsequently fallen to lower levels.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998Reviews the causes of deforestation, focusing on the market distortions which hide the real economic value of forests. These include taxation polciy, uncertain property rights and population growth. Adressing such issues at the nationnal level provides a basis for national and international agreements on combatting climate change through carbon storage programmes.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Reviews experinces of causes and reponses to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs).Considers root causes to be: horizontal inequality between different social groupscrises in state legitimacy worsening economic conditionsexternal shocks environmental conditionsRecommended preventitive policy actions include: group inclusive policiesexpansion of eDocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Recent mainstream analyses of changes in income distribution over the post World War II period have concluded that income inequality within countries tends to be stable, that there is no strong association between growth and inequality and that, therefore, poverty is best reduced through growth-oriented, rather than distributive, policies.This paper challenges this view.