Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food
Showing 5921-5930 of 6038 results
- DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998Tanzania’s well-known village establishment programme, which is called Ujamaa , allowed for the sedentarization of almost all rural residents in some 8 000 villages in the 1970s.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The ultimately disappointing results of past redistributive reforms caused contemporary policy-makers in Latin America to search for alternatives. In recent years, the issue of transforming tenure structure through the market mechanism has moved into the spotlight. This paper argues that it is extremely helpful to approach the topic from an institutional perspective.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The current framework of economic growth and development includes a general trend towards the privatization of land rights and a collapse of collective structures in agriculture as well as a move towards reliance on land markets as the means of peasant access to participation in the development process.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Most approaches to poverty alleviation focus on income and subsidy measures; however, there is a growing realization that these measures alone are not sufficient. The growing amount of literature on the important role that “social capital” and institutions play in the development process indicates that there is a social-institutional dimension as well.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Finds that a new system of social stratification is emerging in rural China as a result of economic reforms, that is far less equal than what preceeded it. As part of this trend, wealth inequality has increased, markedly in a short period of time.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 2001The objective of the research that this policy brief reports on is to analyse different mechanisms of access to land for the rural poor in an era when redistribution through expropriative land reform is largely inconsistent with the forces of political economy.DocumentInternational Institute for Environment and Development, 1999Examines the particular case of Sudan, but suggests the discussion is relevant to the countries of the African Horn in general and Southern Ethiopia in particular.DocumentFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1999The transfer can be considered to have been reasonably successful so far. Producer returns have generally been higher than under the former marketing arrangements and payments more prompt. But in many countries, however, the changes have led to problems, particularly with regard to the supply of production inputs.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 2000What are the key constraints to improving forest based livelihoods within the forest sector? What are the key relationships that provide the institutional context in which forest based livelihoods operate? Hobley and Shields focus on a forestry project in Karnataka, India to illustrate the processes and problems of supporting livelihood change in the forestry institutional environment.DocumentLegal Office, FAO, 1999Review and analysis of national legislation believed to be representative of the available choice of mechanisms or options and illustrative of emerging best practices and attendant issues.