Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food
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- DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Reviews experinces of causes and reponses to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs).Considers root causes to be: horizontal inequality between different social groupscrises in state legitimacy worsening economic conditionsexternal shocks environmental conditionsRecommended preventitive policy actions include: group inclusive policiesexpansion of eDocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Recent mainstream analyses of changes in income distribution over the post World War II period have concluded that income inequality within countries tends to be stable, that there is no strong association between growth and inequality and that, therefore, poverty is best reduced through growth-oriented, rather than distributive, policies.This paper challenges this view.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999Rangelands are geographical regions dominated by grass and grass-like species with or without scattered woody plants, occupying between 18-23% of world land area excluding Antarctica.Document
IFPRI and the abolition of the wheat flour ration shops in Pakistan: a case-study on policymaking and the use and impact of researchInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Assesses the impact of research on the decision to abolish a long-term corrupt system of wheat rationing in Pakistan.Lessons learned include:"Useful " research exhibits certain key characteristics: research dealt with a high priority issue; research conformed to policymakers' expectations; research findings were consistent with previous research; research provided needed quantitativeDocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Analysis of the economic impact of IFPRI research on the rice policy and marketing in Vietnam between 1995-1997.The research is described, and the conclusions and recommendations that emerged are discussed in the context of the decisionmaking processes in Viet Nam.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The present land tenure situation in Uganda is essentially the result of four factors: customary tenure practices, the mailo tenure system introduced under the British colonial administration, the Land Reform Decree passed by Idi Amin’s government in 1975, and the disrupting social order under the Amin regime and during the period following its downfall.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998Tanzania’s well-known village establishment programme, which is called Ujamaa , allowed for the sedentarization of almost all rural residents in some 8 000 villages in the 1970s.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The ultimately disappointing results of past redistributive reforms caused contemporary policy-makers in Latin America to search for alternatives. In recent years, the issue of transforming tenure structure through the market mechanism has moved into the spotlight. This paper argues that it is extremely helpful to approach the topic from an institutional perspective.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The current framework of economic growth and development includes a general trend towards the privatization of land rights and a collapse of collective structures in agriculture as well as a move towards reliance on land markets as the means of peasant access to participation in the development process.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Most approaches to poverty alleviation focus on income and subsidy measures; however, there is a growing realization that these measures alone are not sufficient. The growing amount of literature on the important role that “social capital” and institutions play in the development process indicates that there is a social-institutional dimension as well.