Searching with a thematic focus on Non-Communicable Diseases, Health
Showing 61-70 of 215 results
Monitoring of health and demographic outcomes in poor urban settlements: evidence from the Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance SystemAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011The Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS) was set up in Korogocho and Viwandani slum settlements to provide a platform for investigating linkages between urban poverty, health, and demographic and other socioeconomic outcomes, and to facilitate the evaluation of interventions to improve the wellbeing of the urban poor.DocumentAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011Sickle cell disease (SCD) is common throughout much of sub-SaharanAfrica,affecting up to 3% of births in some parts of the continent. Nevertheless, it remains a low priority for many health ministries. The most common form of SCD is caused by homozygosity for the beta-globin S gene mutation (SS disease).DocumentAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010Globally, ageing impacts all countries, with a majority of older persons residing in lower- and middle-income countries now and into the future. An understanding of the health and well-being of these ageing populations is important for policy and planning; however, research on ageing and adult health that informs policy predominantly comes from higher-income countries.Document
Building capacity for public and population health research in Africa: the consortium for advanced research training in Africa (CARTA) modelAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010Globally, sub-Saharan Africa bears the greatest burden of disease. Strengthened research capacity to understand the social determinants of health among different African populations is key to addressing the drivers of poor health and developing interventions to improve health outcomes and health systems in the region.Document
Capacity development for health research in Africa: experiences managing the African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship ProgramAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010Africa's progress depends on her capacity to generate, adapt, and use scientific knowledge to meet regional health and development needs. Yet, Africa's higher education institutions that are mandated to foster this capacity lack adequate resources to generate and apply knowledge, raising the need for innovative approaches to enhance research capacity.Document
Self-reported drunkenness among adolescents in four sub-Saharan African countries: associations with adverse childhood experiencesAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010Consumption of alcohol is associated with acute and chronic adverse health outcomes. There is a paucity of studies that explore the determinants of alcohol use among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa and, in particular, that examine the effects of adverse childhood experiences on alcohol use.DocumentAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010Globally, it is estimated that people aged 60 and over constitute more than 11% of the population, with the corresponding proportion in developing countries being 8%. Rapid urbanisation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), fuelled in part by rural urban migration and a devastating HIV/AIDS epidemic, has altered the status of older people in many SSA societies.DocumentAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011The Urbanization, Poverty, and Health Dynamics research program was designed to generate and provide the evidence base that would help governments, development partners, and other stakeholders understand how the urban slum context affects health outcomes in order to stimulate policy and action for uplifting the wellbeing of slum residents.Document
Perceived quality of and access to care among poor urban women in Kenya and their utilization of delivery care: harnessing the potential of private clinics?African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011This paper uses data from a maternal health study carried out in 2006 in two slums of Nairobi, Kenya, to: describe perceptions of access to and quality of care among women living in informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya; quantify the effects of women’s perceived quality of, and access to, care on the utilisation of delivery services; and draw policy implications regarding the delivery ofDocumentAfrican Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011In South Africa, high levels of overweight/obesity have been documented among adults. There is also some evidence of high levels of overweight/obesity in children and adolescents.